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Spatial Positioning Tool: Background, prototype software and some correlation data
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. (SAD)
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. (SAD)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7089-4244
2010 (English)In: Journal of Space Syntax, ISSN 2044-7507, Vol. 1, no 1, 149-163 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Spatial Positioning Tool (SPOT) is an isovist-based spatial analysis software written in Java that works as a stand-alone program. SPOT differs from regular Space syntax software as it can produce integration graphs and intervisibility graphs from a selection of positions. SPOT was originally developed for a series of field studies on building interiors highly influenced by organizations and social groups. These studies needed a tool that could produce graphs using a specific position as starting point for the isovists. Now, we have developed SPOT as in several steps, although this paper focuses mainly on the first iteration. In this version, basic SPOT operations use selected positions to create isovist sets. The sets can be colour-coded and layered; the layers can be activated and made visible by being turned on or off. At this point, there are two graphs produced in SPOT, the isovist overlap graph that shows intervisibility between overlapping isovist fields and the network integration analysis built on visibility relations. The graphs for correlation studies are made using workstations as the origins for the isovists. We use data from an office case study regarding face-to-face interaction. The software aims to be used as a fast and interactive sketch tool as well as a precise analysis tool. Data, images, and diagrams can be exported for use in conjunction with other CAD or illustration programs. The first stage of development is to have a functioning prototype with the implementation of all the basic algorithms and a minimal basic functionality with respect to user interaction. We will also briefly discuss recent developments of SPOT, and we furthermore provide a theoretical background for its development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: UCL , 2010. Vol. 1, no 1, 149-163 p.
Keyword [en]
Spatial analysis; Software; Organizations; Interaction; Isovist; Space syntax
National Category
Architectural Engineering Other Civil Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24123OAI: diva2:343733
QC 20110204Available from: 2010-08-16 Created: 2010-08-16 Last updated: 2011-02-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Spatial positioning: method development for spatial analysis of interaction in buildings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Spatial positioning: method development for spatial analysis of interaction in buildings
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In offices, knowledge sharing largely depends on everyday face-to-face interaction patterns. These interaction patterns may depend on how employees move through the office space. This thesis explores how these spatial relations influence individual choices with respect to employee movements or routes. Space syntax related research has shown a strong relationship between spatial configuration and pedestrian movement in cities, yet field of space syntax has not applied spatial analysis to the office environment. Although several many space syntax researchers have suggested a connection between spatial configuration of offices and movement patterns of employees, no studies have developed methods to address this issue specifically. Our initial results suggest that organizational borders sometimes work as well as walls regarding movement related to face-to-face interaction in offices. This has led us to perform analysis using occupied spatial positions as a complement to the regular space syntax analysis. Using spatial positioning analysis, we incorporate organizational aspects into space syntax analysis and shift focus from analysis of movement to analysis of interaction. Our papers develop both observational methods and software for spatial modelling. We conclude that rational choice theory and actor network theory can provide useful conceptions and models for how to perform spatial analysis of interactions. Future research should focus on software development and new interpretations related to rational choice, actor networks, and symbolic interactionism.


Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: US-AB, 2010. iii, 23 p.
Trita-ARK. Forskningspublikationer, ISSN 1402-7453 ; 2010:2
National Category
Architectural Engineering
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25877 (URN)978-91-7415-753-6 (ISBN)
2010-10-22, A1, KTH, Östermalmsgatan 26, Stockholm, 10:07 (English)
QC 20101103Available from: 2010-11-03 Created: 2010-11-03 Last updated: 2011-02-04Bibliographically approved

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