A comparative study of Cyperus papyrus and Miscanthidium violaceum-based constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in a tropical climate
2004 (English)In: Water Research, ISSN 0043-1354, E-ISSN 1879-2448, Vol. 38, no 2, 475-485 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The treatment efficiencies of constructed wetlands containing Cyperus papyrus L. (papyrus) and Miscanthidium violaceum (K. Schum.) Robyns (synonymous with Miscanthus violaceum (K. Schum) Pilg.) were investigated in a tropical climate (Kampala, Uganda). Papyrus showed higher ammonium-nitrogen and total reactive phosphorus (TRP) removal (75.3% and 83.2%) than Miscanthidium (61.5% and 48.4%) and unplanted controls (27.9% ammonium-nitrogen). No TRP removal was detected in control effluent. Nutrients (N and P) were significantly higher (p < 0.015) in papyrus than Miscanthidium plant tissues. Plant uptake and storage was the major factor responsible for N and P removal in treatment line 2 (papyrus) where it contributed 69.5% N and 88.8% P of the total N and P removed. It however accounted for only 15.8% N and 30.7% P of the total N and P removed by treatment line 3 (Miscanthidium violaceum). In addition, papyrus exhibited a significantly larger (p = 0.000) number of adventitious roots than Miscanthidium. Nitrifying bacteria attached to papyrus (2.15 x 10(6) +/- 1.53 x 10(5) MPN/g DW) and Miscanthidium roots (1.30 x 10(4) +/- 8.83 x 10(2) MPN/g DW) and the corresponding nitrification activities were consistent with this finding. Epiphytic nitrifiers appeared more important for total nitrification than those in peat or suspended in water. Papyrus root structures provided more microbial attachment sites, sufficient wastewater residence time, trapping and settlement of suspended particles, surface area for pollutant adsorption, uptake, assimilation in plant tissues and oxygen for organic and inorganic matter oxidation in the rhizosphere, accounting for its high treatment efficiency.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 38, no 2, 475-485 p.
constructed wetlands, Cyperus papyrus, Miscanthidium violaceum, nutrients, tropical wetlands, wastewater treatment
Other Environmental Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24141DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2003.10.008ISI: 000188061900024ScopusID: 2-s2.0-1542752357OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-24141DiVA: diva2:344102
QC 201010282010-08-172010-08-172011-11-01Bibliographically approved