Effects of unsaturation on film structure and friction of fatty acids in a model base oil
2008 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 326, no 2, 530-536 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The normal and friction forces between layers of three fatty acids (stearic, oleic, and linoleic acid) and a rosin acid (dehydroabietic acid) have been measured in n-hexadecane with a surface forces apparatus. Stearic, oleic, and dehydroabietic acid form loose-packed monolayers on mica surfaces when adsorbed from dry n-hexadecane. Linoleic acid forms an additional dimer layer between monolayer-covered surfaces, where it is stabilized by interactions between the double-bond-rich regions of the molecules. The monolayers formed by linoleic and dehydroabietic acid are thinner than the ones formed by stearic and oleic acid, but are not as easily removed from between the mica surfaces when the load or pressure is increased. The friction force increased linearly with load in all systems, and the friction coefficient increased with increasing unsaturation. Linoleic acid showed two regimes of linear friction with increasing load, corresponding to two different film thicknesses. its friction was sensitive to sliding speed and adsorption time, and the thinner film observed at higher load had a lower friction coefficient. Such features were not observed for stearic and oleic acid, where the monolayers were removed and the friction coefficient changed to that of pure n-hexadecane at a pressure of 3.5 MPa.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 326, no 2, 530-536 p.
friction, surface forces, adsorption, fatty acid, rosin acid, surface forces apparatus (SFA), mica
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24200DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2008.05.068ISI: 000259243600034ScopusID: 2-s2.0-50649106199OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-24200DiVA: diva2:345241
QC 201008242010-08-242010-08-242010-08-24Bibliographically approved