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Catalytic Chain-Breaking Pyridinol Antioxidants
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2010 (English)In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 75, no 3, 716-725 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The synthesis of 3-pyridinols carrying alkyltelluro, alkylseleno, and alkylthio groups is described together with a detailed kinetic, thermodynamic, and mechanistic Study of their antioxidant activity. When assayed for their capacity to inhibit azo-initiated peroxidation of linoleic acid in a water/chlorobenzene two-phase system, tellurium-containing 3-pyridinols were readily regenerable by N-acetylcysteine contained in the aqueous phase. The best inhibitors quenched peroxyl radicals more efficiently than alpha-tocopherol, and the duration of inhibition was limited only by the availability of the thiol reducing agent. fn homogeneous phase, inhibition of styrene autoxidation absolute rate constants k(inh) for quenching of peroxyl radical were as large as 1 x 10(7) M-1 s(-1), thus Outperforming the best phenolic antioxidants including alpha-tocopherol. Tellurium-containing 3-pyridinols could be quantitatively regenerated in homogeneous phase by N-tert-butoxycarbonyl cysteine methyl ester, a lipid-soluble analogue of N-acetylcysteine. In the presence of an excess of the thiol, a catalytic mode of action was observed, similar to the one in the two-phase system. Overall, compounds bearing the alkyltelluro moiety ortho to the OH group were much more effective antioxidants than the corresponding para isomers. The origin of the high reactivity of these compounds was explored using pulse-radiolysis thermodynamic measurements, and a mechanism for their unusual antioxidant activity was proposed. The tellurium-containing 3-pyridinols were also found to catalyze reduction of hydrogen peroxide in the presence of thiol reducing agents, thereby acting as multifunctional (preventive and chain-breaking) catalytic antioxidants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 75, no 3, 716-725 p.
Keyword [en]
Antioxidant activities, Aqueous phase, Chemical equations, Detailed kinetics, High reactivity, Homogeneous phase, Linoleic acid, Mechanistic studies, Methyl esters, Mode of action, N-acetylcysteine, OH group, Peroxidation, Peroxyl radical, Phenolic antioxidant, Pulse-radiolysis, Thermodynamic measurements, Two phase systems
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24338DOI: 10.1021/jo902226tISI: 000273982900022Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-75749147989OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-24338DiVA: diva2:346963
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note
QC 20100902Available from: 2010-09-02 Created: 2010-09-02 Last updated: 2011-01-21Bibliographically approved

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Jonsson, Mats

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