Physical modeling of a sampler filling for molten steel
2009 (English)In: ISIJ International, ISSN 0915-1559, Vol. 49, no 10, 1522-1529 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In recent years, much attention has been paid to determining not only the composition, but also the inclusion characteristics from liquid steel samples extracted from a ladle or a tundish. Here, a crucial point is that the steel sampler is filled and solidified without changing the inclusion characteristics that exist at steel making temperatures. Therefore, one of the first steps to investigate is the flow pattern inside samplers during filling in order to obtain a more in-depth knowledge of the sampling process. In this paper, this is done using physical modeling of a lollipop-shaped sampler. More specifically, particle image velocimetry was employed to capture the flow field and calculate the velocity vectors during the entire experiment. The filling rate at the pin part of the sampler was varied during the experiments. It was found that due to the geometry change at the transition from the inlet pin to the body part of the sampler, the flow is very chaotic at the initial filling stage. Furthermore, vortexes are formed in the water sampler vessel during all the fillings and the height of the vortex center varies with the filling rate. Overall, it was found that the flow patterns in the lollipop-shaped sampler vessel can be characterized into three distinct flow regions: the upper vortexes region, the lower horizontal flow region and the middle nozzle flow region.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 49, no 10, 1522-1529 p.
Flow pattern, Physical modeling, PIV, Sampler, Vortex
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24398DOI: 10.2355/isijinternational.49.1522ISI: 000271176100009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-73949145212OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-24398DiVA: diva2:349514
QC 20100907. Tidigare titel “Physical Modeling of a Sampler Filling”.2010-09-072010-09-072010-11-03Bibliographically approved