The influence of porosity on the fatigue strength of high-pressure die cast aluminium
2006 (English)In: Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures, ISSN 8756-758X, E-ISSN 1460-2695, Vol. 29, no 5, 357-363 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aluminium is a lightweight material with high strength and good corrosion resistance among other beneficial properties. Thanks to these properties, aluminium is more extensively used in the vehicle industry. High-pressure die casting of aluminium is a manufacturing process that makes it possible to attain complex, multi-functional components with near-net shape. However, there is one disadvantage of such castings, that is, the presence of various defects such as porosity and its effect on mechanical properties. The aim of this work was to investigate the influence of porosity on the fatigue strength of high-pressure die cast aluminium. The objective was to derive the influence of defect size with respect to the fatigue load, and to generate a model for fatigue life in terms of a Kitagawa diagram. The aluminium alloy used in this study is comparable to AlSi9Cu3. Specimens were examined in X-ray prior to fatigue loading and classified with respect to porosity level and eventually fatigue tested in bending at the load ratio, R, equal to -1. Two different specimen types with a stress concentration factor of 1.05 and 2.25 have been tested. It has been shown that the fatigue strength decreases by up to 25% as the amount of porosity of the specimen is increased. The results further showed that the influence of defects was less for the specimen type with the higher stress concentration. This is believed to be an effect of a smaller volume being exposed to the maximum stress for this specimen type. A Kitagawa diagram was constructed on the basis of the test results and fracture mechanics calculations. A value of 1.4 Mpa m(1/2) was used for the so-called stress intensity threshold range. This analysis predicts that defects larger than 0.06 mm(2) will reduce the fatigue strength at 5 x 10(6) cycles for the aluminium AlSi9Cu3 material tested.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 29, no 5, 357-363 p.
aluminium, cast, fatigue, fracture mechanics, porosity
Other Materials Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24412DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-2695.2006.00997.xISI: 000236394700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-24412DiVA: diva2:349530
QC 201009072010-09-072010-09-072010-09-07Bibliographically approved