Lignin composition in cambial tissues of poplar
2006 (English)In: Plant physiology and biochemistry (Paris), ISSN 0981-9428, Vol. 44, no 11-12, 700-706 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The cambial tissues of a Populus balsamifera, Balsam poplar clone were studied during a growth season. The Klason and acid-soluble lignin contents were determined as well as the carbohydrate monomer distribution and the protein content. Both the phloem and the xylem sides of the cambial region were examined. The samples were analyzed by thioacidolysis and structures of dimeric products were determined by mass spectrometry after desulphuration. Chemical analysis of samples during the growth season was combined with microscopy of embedded specimens that showed the state of cell differentiation at the time of sampling. In spring and early summer, growth is very rapid and the intention was to collect tissue in which exclusively the middle lamella/primary cell wall had begun to lignify. The Klason lignin, protein content and carbohydrate monomer distribution showed that all the specimens from the cambial tissues sampled during a growth season contained predominantly middle lamella and primary walls; except for the developing xylem sampled in August where the carbohydrate composition showed that secondary walls were present. Thioacidolysis showed that the lignin from the cambial tissues had more condensed structures than the lignin from the reference balsam poplar clone wood. More guaiacyl than syringyl units were detected and mass spectrometry showed that the cambial tissues contained more lignin structures with end-groups than the reference sample. These results suggest that lignification in the cambial layer and early developing xylem may take place predominantly in a bulk fashion during the summer. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 44, no 11-12, 700-706 p.
lignin, thioacidolysis, cambial tissues, middle lamella, Populus balsamifera, balsam poplar, developing xylem, developing phloem
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24605DOI: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2006.10.012ISI: 000243445700010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33845504447OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-24605DiVA: diva2:352228
QC 201009202010-09-202010-09-202010-09-20Bibliographically approved