Lignin isolated from primary walls of hybrid aspen cell cultures indicates significant differences in lignin structure between primary and secondary cell wall
2005 (English)In: Plant physiology and biochemistry (Paris), ISSN 0981-9428, Vol. 43, no 8, 777-785 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Hybrid aspen (Populus tremula x tremuloides) cell cultures were grown for 7, 14 and 21 days. The cell cultures formed primary cell walls but no secondary cell wall according to carbohydrate analysis and microscopic characterization. The primary walls were lignified, increasingly with age, according to Klason lignin analysis. Presence of lignin in the primary walls, with a higher content in 21-day old cells than in 7-day old cells, was further Supported by phloroglucinol/HCI reagent test and confocal microscopy after both immunolocalization and staining with acriflavin. Both laccase and peroxidase activity were found in the cultures and the activity increased during lignin formation. The lignin from the cell culture material was compared to lignin from mature aspen wood, where most of the lignin originates in the secondary cell wall, and which served as our secondary cell wall control. Lignin from the cell walls was isolated and characterized by thioacidolysis followed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. The lignin in the cell cultures differed from lignin of mature aspen wood in that it consisted exclusively of guaiacyl units, and had a more condensed structure. Five lignin structures were identified by mass spectrometry in the cell suspension cultures. The results indicate that the hybrid aspen cell culture used in this investigation may be a convenient experimental system for studies of primary cell wall lignin.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 43, no 8, 777-785 p.
primary cell wall lignin hybrid aspen cell culture
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24606DOI: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2005.07.007ISI: 000233144100006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-26844492086OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-24606DiVA: diva2:352233
QC 201009202010-09-202010-09-202012-03-21Bibliographically approved