Sprawl och flytten till förorten
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sprawl is a term widely used in the urban planning debate surrounding Los Angeles - but what does it really mean? It has been shown that the term is used to explain diverse phenomena and this paper investigates the concept from a historical perspective. The history seems to show that low-density suburbs have existed since the first cities we know of and that this might be more visible in Los Angeles only because of its large immigration.
Over the past 50 years the region around Los Angeles has gone from having the lowest population density in the U.S. to become one of the densest. This means that its reputation as the "sultan of sprawl" may no longer be valid and might also be a sign that the mobility of the car has reached its spatial boundary. One of the reasons that Los Angeles has become denser is the appearance of new cities in its periphery. This Resurrection of new cities in the periphery of existing cities is a phenomenon that has been called the "urbanization of suburbia" or "edge cities" and has been explained as a result of the transition to the post-industrial city. In this type of urban structure the boundaries between urban, suburban and rural can be hard to separate. One old and one new suburban city of Los Angeles – Mission Viejo and Santa Monica – are chosen for the case study to examine this at a local level. It turns out that the two suburban cities differ considerably in various aspects. The perhaps biggest difference between the cities can be found in how the land-uses are located in relation to each other. In Santa Monica, commercial areas are located along the main streets and the city is more mixed-use while in Mission Viejo the commercial areas are located at the outskirts of the city's exits to the highways. The cities also differ in other aspects of urban form and use such as architectural character, the structure of the streets and the accessibility to open space. Whether this can be considered representative of cities in general is not investigated in this paper and much more empirical research is needed to confirm or deny that but hopefully it gives an idea of how one of many similar new cities in the periphery of the Los Angeles urbanized landscape looks today.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 34 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24835OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-24835DiVA: diva2:353561