Network structure and travel patterns: explaining the geographical disparities of road network vulnerability
2009 (English)In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, Vol. 17, no 3, 234-244 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Inevitably, links in the road network are sometimes disrupted because of adverse weather, technical failures or major accidents. Link closures may have different economic and societal consequences depending on in which regions they occur (regional importance), and users may be affected differently depending on where they travel (regional exposure). In this paper we investigate in what way these geographical disparities depend on the road network structure and travel patterns. We propose aggregate supply-side (link redundancy, network scale, road density, population density) and demand-side (user travel time, traffic load) indicators and combine them in statistical regression models. Using the Swedish road network as a case study, we find that regional importance is largely determined by the network structure and the average traffic load in the region, whereas regional exposure is largely determined by the network structure and the average user travel time. Our findings show that the long-term vulnerability disparities stem from fundamental properties of the transport system and the population densities. Quantitatively, they show how vulnerability depends on different variables, which is of interest for robust network design.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 17, no 3, 234-244 p.
Vulnerability, Reliability, Regional, Geography, Network, Transport, Road
Transport Systems and Logistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24934DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2008.06.002ISI: 000266306600009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-64749109812OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-24934DiVA: diva2:354563
QC 20101004.QC 201202082010-10-042010-10-042012-02-08Bibliographically approved