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Revisiting the cost of the Stockholm congestion charging system
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
2011 (English)In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 18, no 6, 836-847 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In January 2006, a system for congestion charging was introduced in the city of Stockholm, Sweden. The charging scheme was run in the form of a full-scale trial for seven months, after which it was deactivated, awaiting its evaluation and an advisory public referendum. Several parties, including representatives of the scientific community as well as media and special interest groups, have analysed and evaluated the system. A recurring theme in several of these analyses is that the cost to build and operate the system was excessive, compared to costs for other road charging installations.

This study revisits some of the key project participants and archive data, to provide a deeper understanding of what were the major cost drivers and whether lower cost can be achieved in future installations. The approach taken is to emphasise understanding of the particular circumstances rather than comparing aggregates with other seemingly similar systems. The main conclusions include the identification of a rational actor paying an insurance against unacceptable risk, the importance of the election cycle, and the interplay between risk, acceptance, performance, and cost. A conceptual model for this interaction is suggested.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 18, no 6, 836-847 p.
Keyword [en]
Congestion charging, Road pricing, Principal-agent, Mega project, Political economy, Acceptance
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25112DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2011.05.004ISI: 000295147300007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-80051815396OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-25112DiVA: diva2:355861
Funder
TrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
Note
QC 20101008 Updated from manuscript to article in journal.Available from: 2010-10-08 Created: 2010-10-08 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Regulating road user charging
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regulating road user charging
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2010. 98 p.
Series
Trita-TEC-LIC, ISSN 1653-445X ; 10-003
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25115 (URN)978-91-85539-55-0 (ISBN)
Presentation
2010-06-14, Seminarierum plan 2, KTH, Teknikringen 14, Stockholm, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20101008

Available from: 2010-10-08 Created: 2010-10-08 Last updated: 2012-09-12Bibliographically approved
2. Implementing Road Pricing: Standards, Institutions, Costs, and Public Acceptance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementing Road Pricing: Standards, Institutions, Costs, and Public Acceptance
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Much has been researched and written about road pricing, and especially how it affects traffic flow, congestion, the environment, and social welfare in general. This doctoral thesis analyses the implementation of road user charges rather than its effects. The dissertation consists of five separate papers, each addressing a subset of the topic. The first paper sheds light on the costs to introduce congestion taxes in Stockholm, and describes how public opinion and political risk lead to a system design that in all likelihood was more expensive than necessary. In the second paper the European regulation on interoperability between road charging system is evaluated from a benefit/cost perspective, which is found to be overly ambitious. Paper three builds upon the second, and suggests a general model for how costs and benefits interact in the case of road charging interoperability. Inpaper four a potential solution is presented for how the practical problems related to enforcement of road charging in an international context or in countries with weak institutions. The fifth and final paper analyses the public opinion of road charges, and especially urban congestion charges, using a survey conducted simultaneously in three European cities.

Abstract [sv]

Mycket har forskats och skrivits kring vägavgifter, och framför allt hur de påverkar trafikströmmar, trängsel, miljö och samhällsnytta. Denna sammanläggningsavhandling analyserar införande av vägavgifter snarare än dess effekter. Avhandlingen består av fem uppsatser som var och en tar sig an en delmängd av området. Den första uppsatsen belyser kostnaderna för införande av trängselskatter i Stockholm, och beskriver hur opinion och politisk risk ledde till en systemdesign som troligen var mer kostsam än nödvändigt. I den andra uppsatsen utvärderas den europeiska lagstiftningen för interoperabilitet mellan vägavgiftssystem ifrån ett nytto/kostnads-perspektiv, och finner den alltför ambitiös. Uppsats tre bygger vidare på den andra och föreslår en generell modell för hur kostnader och nyttor samverkar avseende interoperabilitet mellan vägavgiftssystem. I uppsats fyra presenteras en möjlig lösning på hur de praktiska problemen med beivrande av vägavgifter i ett internationellt sammanhang eller i länder med svaga institutioner kan lösas. Den avslutande femte uppsatsenanalyserar allmänhetens attityder till vägavgifter, framför allt urbana trängselavgifter, med hjälp av en enkätundersökning som genomförts samtidigt i tre europeiska städer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. xxix p.
Series
Trita-TSC-PHD, 12:002
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102755 (URN)978-91-85539-92-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-10-05, KTH, Stockholm, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
TrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
Note

QC 20120925

Available from: 2012-09-25 Created: 2012-09-25 Last updated: 2013-04-11Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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