Thermal and thermomechanical properties of biocomposites made from modified recycled cellulose and recycled polypropylene
2003 (English)In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 89, no 9, 2353-2360 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Residual cellulose fibers from the paper industry have been used as reinforcements in recycled polypropylene (PP) composites. The main obstacle to obtaining good properties with this biocomposite is deficiencies in the compatibility between the nonpolar matrices and the polar cellulose fibers used as reinforcements. The aim of this work was to improve the compatibilization between these cellulose fibers and the PP matrix with four different methods: modification by the addition of polypropylene-maleic anhydride copolymer (PPgMA) during the process of blending, preblending modification of the cellulose with a solution of PPgMA, modification of cellulose by silanes (vinyltrimethoxysilane), and acetylation of cellulose. Blends with all of the differently modified celluloses were prepared with the cellulose content varied up to 40%, and then all of the blends were subjected to thermal (differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis) and thermomechanical (dynamic mechanical thermal analysis) analyses. The results showed that the addition of cellulose fibers improved the thermomechanical behavior of the PP, increasing the value of the log of the dynamic modulus, and affected the thermal and thermooxidative behavior. Moreover, an advantage of the use of a recycled PP containing a small quantity of ethyl vinyl acetate (EVA) as a prime material in the composition was the enhancement of mechanical properties. The use of these methods for the modification of cellulose led to more desirable thermal and thermooxidative stabilities.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 89, no 9, 2353-2360 p.
composites, fillers, poly(propylene) (PP), thermal properties
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25154DOI: 10.1002/app.12091ISI: 000183814900009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-25154DiVA: diva2:356150
QC 201010112010-10-112010-10-112010-10-11Bibliographically approved