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Survey on Priorities and Communication Requirements for PMU-based Applications in the Nordic Region
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4386-3781
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3014-5609
2009 (English)In: 2009 IEEE Bucharest PowerTech: Innovative Ideas Toward the Electrical Grid of the Future, IEEE , 2009, 1183-1190 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Phasor based Wide Area Monitoring and Control Systems (WAMC) promise to offer more accurate and timely data on the state of the power system, thus, increasing the possibilities to manage the system at a more efficient and responsive level and apply wide area control and protection schemes. This paper presents results of a survey on communications and technical requirements for applications based on Phasor Measurement Units (PMU). The survey was carried out in the Nordic Region with participants from Transmission System Operators (TSOs) and researchers. The survey focused on documenting the stage of research and development among TSOs and researchers in the Nordic Region, as well as, their plans and visions for the future. This includes planned PMU deployments and prioritization of PMU based applications. Furthermore, a significant part of the survey was an elicitation of communication requirements for applications based on PMU data. In the paper, an examination of the time requirements for these applications in terms of delays and samples per second and comparison similar published specifications is provided.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE , 2009. 1183-1190 p.
Keyword [en]
Phasor Measurment Unit, Wide Area Monitoring and Control (WAMC), WAMC applications communication requirements
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25156DOI: 10.1109/PTC.2009.5281956ISI: 000276834600180Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-74949112107ISBN: 978-1-4244-2234-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-25156DiVA: diva2:356156
Conference
2009 IEEE Bucharest PowerTech: Innovative Ideas Toward the Electrical Grid of the Future; Bucharest; Romania; 28 June 2009 through 2 July 2009
Note

QC 20101011

Available from: 2010-10-11 Created: 2010-10-11 Last updated: 2014-10-02Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Wide area monitoring and control systems - application communication requirements and simulation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wide area monitoring and control systems - application communication requirements and simulation
2009 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Today’s electrical transmission & distribution systems, are facing a number of challenges related to changing environmental, technical and business factors. Among these factors are, increased environmental restrictions leading to higher share of production from renewable and uncontrollable sources as well as local environmental concerns regarding construction of new transmission and distribution lines. The re-regulation of the electricity market has created a dynamic environment in which multiple organizations have to coordinate and cooperate in the operation and control of the power system. Finally, the high rate of devel-opment within the ICT field is creating many new opportunities for power system opera-tion and control, thanks to introduction of new technologies for measurement, communi-cation and automation.

As a result of these factors, Wide Area Monitoring and Control (WAMC) systems have been proposed. WAMC systems utilize new ICT based technologies to offer more accurate and timely data on the state of the power system. WAMC systems utilize Phasor Measure-ment Units (PMUs) that have higher data rates and are time synchronised using, GPS satel-lites. This allows synchronized observation of the dynamics of the power system, making it possible to manage the system at a more efficient and responsive level and apply wide area control and protection schemes. The success WAMC systems, on the other hand, are largely dependent on the performance of the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) infrastructure that would support them.

This thesis investigates the requirements on, and suitability of the ICT systems that support WAMC systems. This was done by identifying WAMC applications and the elicitation of their requirements. Furthermore, a set of simulation projects were carried out to determine the communication system characteristics such as delay and the impact of this delay on the WAMC system.

This thesis has several contributions. First, it provides summary and analysis of WAMC application priorities and requirements in the Nordic region. Secondly it provides simula-tion based comparison and evaluation of communication paradigms for WAMC systems. The research documented in this thesis addresses these paradigms by providing a compari-son and evaluation through simulation. Thirdly, the thesis provides insight to the possible sources of delay in WAMC architecture and the impact of these delays on data quality specifically data incompleteness. This provides insight on what applications are important to practitioners and what is the expected performance of these applications, as seen from the power system control and operation point of view.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2009. viii, 117 p.
Series
Trita-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2009:045
Keyword
Wide Area Monitoring and Control systems, Phasor Measurements Units, Power System Communication, SCADA systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11316 (URN)
Presentation
2009-11-06, Seminarierummet, KTH, Osquldas väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2009-10-22 Created: 2009-10-22 Last updated: 2010-10-11Bibliographically approved

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Zhu, KunNordström, Lars

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