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From energy efficiency to integrated sustainable urbanism in residential development in China
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

China has adopted Sustainable Development as a national strategy for all industries. In civil construction sector, sustainability is regarded as the development of Green Building in China. Since 2000, China has introduced a series of policies and laws to promote Green Building.

Green Building was defined as buildings that are “energy-efficient, land-efficient, water-efficient, and material-efficient” and emit “minimal pollution” in during its entire life cycle, and meets a specified standard for indoor environment at the same time. However, energy efficiency is the central issue of current Green Building development in China, while issues of resources and pollution are neglected, which is partly due to China’s energy structure. Social and economic aspects are also always ignored.

The main aim of this thesis is to map pathways towards more comprehensive frameworks for how residential areas in China could be constructed in a more sustainable way in hot –summer and cold-winter area. Case study was the main method used to examine the specifications of Green Residential Building in China. This paper offers a general overview of the current green trend in China and presents a specific analysis on three cases to search for the proper approach for China’s unique situation by three specific cases representing three types of Green Building: Modern Vernacular Architecture, Eco-office and Mass-housing, according to their features in scale, location and function.

This paper then presents a specific integrated sustainability analysis of the Landsea Housing Project in Nanjing, a hot-summer/cold-winter zone. Hammarby Sjöstad, a cutting edge project in Stockholm, is also discussed as a reference area from which experiences can be drawn for China. The aim was to improve the framework for construction of residential buildings in China in a more sustainable way, from energy efficiency to integrated sustainability.

The paper also discusses the relationship between the economic growth and energy consumption in the fast-growing situation, presents several scenarios depicting energy and comfort and makes suggestions for China. The roles of government, developers and residents are also addressed. The paper argues that an adaptive and holistic approach, which must be expanded from both spatial scale and temporal span, should be established for the Green Residential Building development in China, as an effective way to meet the sustainability goal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: E-print , 2010. , vii, 38 p.
Series
Trita-KET-IM, ISSN 1402-7615 ; 2009.15
Keyword [en]
China, Green Building, New Cave house, Eco-office, Mass-Housing, Green Residential Development, Industrial Ecology, Landsea Housing Project, Hammarby Sjöstad, Systems Thinking
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25233ISBN: 978-91-628-7919-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-25233DiVA: diva2:356652
Presentation
2010-06-01, Rum D41, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 17, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101013Available from: 2010-10-13 Created: 2010-10-13 Last updated: 2010-10-14Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Challenges for sustainable urbanism in China
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges for sustainable urbanism in China
2009 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25222 (URN)
Conference
The 5th Conference of the International Society of Industrial Ecology
Note
QC 20101013Available from: 2010-10-13 Created: 2010-10-13 Last updated: 2011-12-01Bibliographically approved
2. Integrated sustainability analysis on green building development in China: case study of three green practices
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrated sustainability analysis on green building development in China: case study of three green practices
2009 (English)In: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND PLANNING IV, VOLS 1 AND 2 / [ed] Brebbia, CA; Neophytou, M; Beriatos, E; Ioannou, I; Kungolos, AG, SOUTHAMPTON: WIT PRESS , 2009, 679-689 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

China has adopted Sustainable Development as an inequitable strategy for the whole country in all industries. In the civil construction sector, sustainability in China is regarded as the development of Green Building. Due to the promotion by Chinese government, more and more buildings are emerging in China under the name of "Green". This paper offers a general overview of the current green trend in China and presents a specific analysis on three cases to search for the proper approach for China's unique situation. The green practices are categorizes into three types: Modem Vernacular Architecture, Eco-offices and Mass-housing, according to their features in scale, location and function. Three specific cases were selected and the analysis of the different types was made. The analysis of the three projects is made from the perspectives of technology, economy, environmental impact, and social aspects, respectively. Finally, the paper argues that an adaptive and holistic approach should be found for the development of Green Building in China

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SOUTHAMPTON: WIT PRESS, 2009
Series
WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, ISSN 1743-3541 ; 120
Keyword
China, green building, new cave house, eco-office, mass-housing
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25225 (URN)10.2495/SDP090632 (DOI)000274546400063 ()2-s2.0-71749098953 (Scopus ID)978-1-84564-181-8 (ISBN)
Conference
4th International Conference on Sustainable Development and Planning. CYPRUS. MAY 13-15, 2009
Note
QC 20101013 QC 20111114Available from: 2010-10-13 Created: 2010-10-13 Last updated: 2011-11-14Bibliographically approved
3. From energy efficiency to integrated sustainability in residential development in China: a Chinese case study compared with Swedish experiences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From energy efficiency to integrated sustainability in residential development in China: a Chinese case study compared with Swedish experiences
(English)In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

China has introduced a series of policies and laws to promote Green Building since 2000. Energy efficiency is the central issue, partly due to China’s energy structure. The overall aim was to improve the framework for construction of residential buildings in China in a more sustainable way, from energy efficiency to integrated sustainability.

 Case study was the main method used to examine the specifications of Green Residential Building in China. This paper presents a specific integrated sustainability analysis of the Landsea Housing Project in anjing, a hot-summer/cold-winter zone. Hammarby Sjöstad, a cutting edge project in Stockholm, is also discussed as a reference area from which experiences can be drawn for China.

 The paper also discusses the relationship between the economic growth and energy consumption in the fast-growth situation, presents several scenarios depicting energy and comfort and makes suggestions for China. The roles of government, developers and residents are also addressed. The paper argues that an adaptive and holistic approach, which must be expanded from both spatial scale and temporal span, should be established for the Green Residential Building development in China, as an effective way to meet the sustainability goal.

Keyword
green residential development, industrial ecology, landsea housing project, systems thinking, integrated sustainability, China
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25229 (URN)
Note
QC 20101013Available from: 2010-10-13 Created: 2010-10-13 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
4. Ecological urban design through material & energy flow analysis and life cycle assessment: from an architect's perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ecological urban design through material & energy flow analysis and life cycle assessment: from an architect's perspective
2010 (English)In: The 6th International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability, 2010Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The process of ecological urban design was studied through the perspective of  Material/Energy Flow Analysis from an architect’s viewpoint. The study examined how to control and adjust the production, transportation, distribution and consumption of material and energy flows in built environment systems, and how to analyse the relevant ecological design methods. Two environmental methods were used, Material/Energy Flow Analysis as the main method and Life Cycle Assessment as a parallel method, to analyse the ‘integrated efficiency’ of material and energy utilisation in the built environment and its significance for sustainable design. The analysis was applied to two cases: Material Flow Analysis of  household wastewater treatment; and Energy Flow Analysis of energy for heating and cooling buildings.

 

Keyword
Ecological Design, Built Environment, Material/Energy Flow Analysis, Life Cycle Assessment
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25230 (URN)
Conference
The 6th International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability
Note
QC 20101013Available from: 2010-10-13 Created: 2010-10-13 Last updated: 2011-11-30Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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