Evaluation of two hydrocyclone designs for pulp fractionation
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The process conditions and fractionation efficiency of two hydrocyclone designs, a novel and a conventional conical design, were evaluated. The novel design comprised a modified inlet section, where the pulp suspension had to pass a narrow ring-shaped opening, and a very compact fractionation zone. The influence of feed concentration and fine fraction mass ratio was studied. The trials were performed with never-dried, unrefined bleached chemical softwood pulp. Fractionation efficiency was evaluated in terms of change of surface roughness of handsheets made out of the fractions and the feed pulp respectively.
The fractionation efficiency increased considerably with decreasing fine fraction mass ratio, especially at higher feed concentrations. This finding prompted a hypothesis on the existence of a radial gradient in the composition of the suspension inside the novel hydrocyclone. Using the novel hydrocyclone in a feed-forward fractionation system would therefore prove to be more favourable as a larger total fine fraction of better properties can be obtained. A three-stage feed-forward fractionation system was evaluated in laboratory scale. Here, it was indeed possible to extract fine fractions with improved surface properties in each of the three consecutive stages. All three fine fractions had about the same surface roughness.
The fractionation performance of the novel design was benchmarked against that of a conventional, best available technology (BAT) design. In terms of fractionation efficiency, the BAT design performed better. However, the fractions produced with the novel hydrocyclone had a much smaller difference in concentration, implying a much less pronounced enrichment of fines in the fine fraction. It is unclear, to what extent the lower share of latewood fibres and the increased fines content, respectively, contributed to the improved surface roughness of the fine fractions. However, it is clear that the lower enrichment of fines in the novel hydrocyclone makes it easier to install it in industrial applications without a need for auxiliary equipment to redistribute large water flows.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2010. , 46 p.
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2010:33
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25272ISBN: 978-91-7415-726-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-25272DiVA: diva2:356908
2010-10-22, STFI-salen, Innventia AB, KTH, Drottning Kristinas väg 61, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Engstrand, Per, ProfessorGamstedt, Kristofer, UnivL
Lindström, Mikael, Professor
QC 201010142010-10-142010-10-142012-02-16Bibliographically approved
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