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Reforming Of Biomass Wastes Into Fuel Gas With High Temperature Air And Steam
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.
2005 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The presented work aims to provide information on solid biomass conversion into fuel gas as a result of air and steam gasification process. In contrary to the conventional gasification in this work highly preheated air and steam is used as a gasifying agent. Preheat of air and steam is realised by means of the high-cycle regenerative air/steam preheater. Use of highly preheated gasifying media provides additional energy into the gasification process that enhances the thermal decomposition of the gasified solids. The objective of this work is to provide information on the process of biomass wastes reforming to fuel gas using high temperature air and steam gasification.High Temperature Air/Steam Gasification of biomass wastes has very clear economical and environmental benefits. It will increase consumption of biomass thus decreases CO2 emissions. Apart from CO2 reduction possibility, the new process, High Temperature Gasification has the following advantages:- Clean fuel gas for production of heat or electricity,- No need to treat ashes from gasification since there is no ash or at least no carbon in the ash produced,- No need to landfill since the produced slag can be used for example as a building material.In this work high temperature air and steam gasification of charcoal and wood pellets in a fixed bed updraft gasifier is tested. The following conclusions were found out:

• For both charcoal and wood pellets gasification cases it was seen that an increase of steam molar fraction in the feed gas decreases the temperature of the gasification, the gasification rate, the mass yield of the fuel and molar fraction of carbon monoxide but increases molar fraction of hydrogen,

• An increase of the feed gas temperature reduces production of tars, soot and char residue as well as increases calorific value of the fuel gas produced,

• Preheating of the feed gas obtains a higher gasification efficiency and a higher gasification rate,

• High temperature air and mixture of air and steam used as feed gas in a fixed bed gasifier shows the capability of this technology of maximising the gaseous product yield,

• High lower heating value of fuel gas and high molar fraction of hydrogen and hydrocarbons obtained by using high temperature air and steam gasification technology increase the technical possibility of the application of fuel gas produced.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. , 15 p.
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25399ISRN: KTH/MSE--05/44--SE+ENERGY/ARTOAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-25399DiVA: diva2:357828
Note

QC 20101020

Available from: 2010-10-20 Created: 2010-10-20 Last updated: 2012-09-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. High temperature air/steam gasification of biomass in an updraft fixed bed batch type gasifier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High temperature air/steam gasification of biomass in an updraft fixed bed batch type gasifier
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2005. 100 p.
Keyword
Materials science, Materialvetenskap
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-224 (URN)91-7178-067-X (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-05-30, sal D3, Lindstedtsvägen 5, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101020Available from: 2005-05-26 Created: 2005-05-26 Last updated: 2010-10-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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