Cross polarisation/magic angle spinning C-13-NMR spectroscopic studies of cellulose structural changes in hardwood dissolving pulp process
2007 (English)In: Holzforschung, ISSN 0018-3830, E-ISSN 1437-434X, Vol. 61, no 6, 675-679 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cross polarisation/magic angle spinning C-13 NMR spectroscopy has been used to study structural changes in cellulose induced by the dissolving pulp process. The cellulose structure in several dissolving pulps was investigated for commercial and laboratory cooked Eucalyptus 92 alpha and 96 alpha. The average lateral dimension, or average thickness, of the cellulose fibril aggregates is related to the amount of surface area exposed and could be one controlling factor for the chemical reactivity of commercial dissolving pulps during modification reactions. The thickness of the cellulose fibril aggregates governs the amount of surface area present in the fibre wall, and cellulose surface material constitutes the part of the cellulose that is directly accessible to reagents. In all sample series investigated, the raw pulp was found to be less aggregated than the corresponding bleached final pulp. Furthermore, an irreversible increase in fibril aggregate width was observed on free drying for both laboratory cooked and commercial pulps. Upon rewetting with water, the freely dried 96 alpha pulp was found to be more aggregated than the freely dried 92 alpha pulp, although sugar analysis showed very similar carbohydrate compositions. As indicated by the molecular mass distribution, the commercial 92 alpha pulp contained larger amounts of degraded cellulose; this may be a plausible explanation for the different behaviour of the 92 alpha and 96 alpha pulps during free drying.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 61, no 6, 675-679 p.
92 alpha, 96 alpha, bleaching, cellulose fibril, cellulose fibril aggregate, cellulose supramolecular structure, CP/MAS C-13-NMR, dissolving pulp, eucalyptus, molecular mass distribution, sugar analysis
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25677DOI: 10.1515/HF2007.095ISI: 000251393500009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-25677DiVA: diva2:359320
QC 201010272010-10-272010-10-272015-05-26Bibliographically approved