Low-temperature baseboard heaters with integrated air supply - An analytical and numerical investigation
2011 (English)In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 46, no 1, 176-186 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The functioning of a hydronic baseboard heating system with integrated air supply was analyzed. The aim was to investigate thermal performance of the system when cold outdoor (ventilation) airflow was forced through the baseboard heater. The performance of the system was evaluated for different ventilation rates at typical outdoor temperatures during the Swedish winter season. Three different analytical models and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) were used to predict the temperature rise of the airflow inside the baseboard heater. Good agreement between numerical (CFD) and analytical calculations was obtained. Calculations showed that it was fully possible to pre-heat the incoming airflow to the indoor temperature and to cover transmission losses, using 45 degrees C supply water flow. The analytical calculations also showed that the airflow per supply opening in the baseboard heater needed to be limited to 7.0 l/s due to pressure losses inside the channel. At this ventilation rate, the integrated system with one air supply gave about 2.1 more heat output than a conventional baseboard heating system. CFD simulations also showed that the integrated system was capable of countering downdraught created by 2.0 m high glazed areas and a cold outdoor environment. Draught discomfort in the case with the conventional system was slightly above the recommended upper limit, but heat distribution across whole analyzed office space was uniform for both heating systems. It was concluded that low-temperature baseboard heating systems with integrated air supply can meet both international comfort requirements, and lead to energy savings in cold climates.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 46, no 1, 176-186 p.
Baseboard (skirting) heating, Low-temperature hydronic heating, Forced convective heat transfer, Channel airflow, Thermal comfort, CFD
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25720DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2010.07.011ISI: 000282407600019ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77956226184OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-25720DiVA: diva2:359571
QC 201010282010-10-282010-10-282013-10-29Bibliographically approved