Decreased energy use in buildings by 50% by 2050: a backcasting study using stakeholder groups
2011 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 78, no 5, 785-796 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper describes a backcasting study focusing on fulfilment of a national target to decrease energy consumption in residential and commercial buildings by 50% by 2050 compared with the consumption in 1995, and identifying possible measures for achieving it. A method based on a combination of backcasting methodology and focus group methodology was used. Two different scenarios were developed. They were used in discussions with stakeholders in the building sector, to explore and identify measures and actors important for target fulfillment. The main outcomes were ideas for strategies and measures needed to achieve the target. The current potential for target fulfilment was also analysed and discussed. The discussions in the different stakeholder groups were mainly concerned with changes in attitude and behaviour and the need for radical changes in social structures. For example, enhanced communication between actors in the building chain, and the need for relevant feedback in order to illustrate the link between the effort in decreasing energy use and actual outcome. The findings suggest that there is sufficient technical potential to achieve the target by 2050 but that this potential will not be realised to a sufficient extent. Achieving the target would be facilitated by policy that is oriented more towards identifying actors with direct influence to promote change. An analysis of incentives for these actors to act, and how different actors can cooperate for energy-efficient solutions should be integrated into the process of suggesting and implementing policy measures.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 78, no 5, 785-796 p.
Backcasting, Buildings, Energy use, Focus groups, Stakeholders, Policy measures
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25758DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2010.09.005ISI: 000291139100004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79955465234OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-25758DiVA: diva2:359710
Uppdaterad från In press till Published (20110701)2010-10-292010-10-292011-11-09Bibliographically approved