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Environmental Management Systems – Paper tiger or powerful tool
2000 (English)In: Conference Proceedings of the 2000 Eco-Management and Auditing Conference, 2000, 81-92 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. 81-92 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25883OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-25883DiVA: diva2:360412
Conference
2000 Eco-Management and Auditing Conference. June 2000. University of Manchester. UK
Note
QC 20101103Available from: 2010-11-03 Created: 2010-11-03 Last updated: 2010-11-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Product orientation of environmental work - barriers & incentives
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Product orientation of environmental work - barriers & incentives
2009 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Abstract

The research behind this licentiate is spread out over a decade of intensive development of environmental work in industry. A 1998 survey of Swedish companies with newly installed environmental management systems (EMS) concluded that such systems need more product-orientation. Data collected by companies as part of the process of creating their EMS between 1996-2001 offered further evidence that it is environmentally justified to seek improvements in the materials selection, use and disposal phases of products, i.e., to make the environmental improvement work more product-orientated. In a EU-funded project carried out between 2004-2006 it was demonstrated that developing an environmental product declaration could be a cost-effective product-oriented environmental action even for smaller companies.

This licentiate thesis relates to methods for companies to orientate their environmental work on their products. In particular, it examines experience and provides insights on the possibilities for companies, including small ones, to use life cycle assessment in product development in order to design products with an environmental performance well above legal compliance.

It is difficult to give general recommendations to companies about their environmental work because each company has its own unique business idea, customers, work culture, stakeholders etc. Nevertheless, the main findings of the licentiate thesis can be summed up in the following recommendations for, say, a small company in Europe without much previous experience of environmental work:

§  Focus your environmental work on your products because you will accomplish more environmentally and the chance of profiting economically will motivate your personnel;

§  Consider doing a life cycle assessment, LCA, on a strategically chosen product in order to learn more about your products and how to improve their environmental performance;

§  Do not expect to find a general market demand for green products; start a dialogue with your best customers in order to create the demand;

§  Engage an LCA specialist to do the LCA and work together with your personnel to interpret the results and generate improvement ideas;

§  If your customers demand that you install an environmental management system, ask them if they would not prefer to receive an environmental product declaration on the particular product they are interested in, and a chance to discuss how its environmental performance can be improved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2009. 50 p.
Series
Trita-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2009:9
Keyword
Life cycle assessment, LCA, environmental management systems, EMS environmental product declaration, EPD, ecodesign
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10585 (URN)978-91-7415-319-4 (ISBN)
Presentation
2009-05-20, Styrelserummet, Maskinkonstruktion, KTH, Brinellvägen 83, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-05-28 Created: 2009-05-28 Last updated: 2010-11-03Bibliographically approved
2. Developing tools for sustainability management in the graphic arts industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing tools for sustainability management in the graphic arts industry
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The main aim of this thesis is to develop and test industry-specific, applied work procedures and tools for environmental and emerging sustainability work in the graphic arts industry. This includes methods to quantify, follow-up, evaluate, manage, improve and communicate the environmental performance of activities in the graphic arts supply chain and printed products.

In order to achieve the aims of the thesis, a selection of work areas were chosen as the basis for developing the industry-specific work procedures and tools. The selected work areas are the following: environmental management (being a part of sustainability management), environmental and sustainability strategies, environmental indicators and design for environment (DfE).

The research presented in this thesis was based on survey research methods, case studies and multi-company studies. Within the framework of these methods, quantitative and qualitative techniques for data gathering were used. The companies included in the studies were selected according to their willingness, interest and motivation to participate and develop their environmental or sustainability work.

The most significant results of the research presented in this thesis regarding the selected work areas are the following:

• An evaluation of early certified environmental management systems (EMSs) in Sweden identified four areas as priorities in making the EMSs more efficient. Two of them, viz. improvement in the follow-up of environmental work, and the linking of EMSs to product design, were developed for the graphic arts industry. The remaining two areas were clarifying the identification process and assessment of environmental aspects, and streamlining and co-ordinating different management systems.

• An established and successfully tested working method for formulating and realising corporate sustainability strategies in the graphic arts industry.

• Industry-specific environmental indicator models for the graphic arts industry with defined methods for standardised inventorying and calculations. These models have been tested, used and approved of by the industry itself.

• Collected and compiled data for the developed environmental indicator models. Data have been collected from quite a large number of companies (10-20 companies for each of the printing techniques covered, i.e. coldset offset, heatset offset and gravure) over a period of several years.

• The use of the industry-specific environmental indicator models was developed and illustrated.

• A described and recommended work procedure for DfE in graphic arts companies including industry-specific tools for applying DfE to printed products, in the form of a manual and a checklist. The checklist was designed so that it can serve as a simple tool for the environmental assessment of printed products. The tools were tested by graphic arts companies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2006. 131 p.
Series
TRITA-CSC-A, ISSN 1653-5723 ; 2006:19
Keyword
graphic arts industry, printing industry, environmental management, sustainability strategy, environmental indicators, design for environment, eco-design.
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4169 (URN)91-7178-476-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-11-24, Sal F3, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 13:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20110124

Available from: 2006-11-14 Created: 2006-11-14 Last updated: 2016-12-21Bibliographically approved

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