Adaptive Control (AC) of machine tools requires many kinds of measured input data. The more information about the complex metal cutting process that can be obtained, the better the process can be controlled.
The paper describes an Adaptive Control Optimization (ACO) system for turning operations. The system continuously chooses Optimal Cutting Data (OCD), taking into account both economical criteria and technical limitations.
The system operates at three different levels:
• • Advanced Process Monitoring
• • Adaptive Control Constraint (ACC)
• • Adaptive Control Optimization (ACO).
Two commercial monitoring systems perform process monitoring. In addition, five independent measurement systems have been developed.
A dedicated vision system has been installed in the lathe to measure the tool flank wear between cuts. The flank wear data are utilized to predict the tool life. Based upon these predictions economical optimum cutting data can be calculated at the ACO level.
To obtain in-process real-time control of the metal cutting process the cutting forces are measured during machining. The forces are measured with conventional piezoelectric force transducers which are located between the turret housing and the cross-slide. The measured force signals are processed by a dedicated microcontroller at the ACC level and cutting data adjustments are fed back to the machine control.
A vibration measurement system, which either can be connected to an accelerometer or use the dynamic force signal from the piezoelectric force transducer, is part of a vibration control module at the ACC level. An ultra-fast signal processor performs the signal analysis.
The remaining two measurement systems—a high frequency tool signal analysis system and a power spectra analysis system—are mentioned in the paper but not further discussed.
Finally, the paper deals with how the strategies at the three different levels will be combined, in order to form an AC system. The monitoring tasks will always reside in the background and be activated if any failure occurs. The ACO subsystem will act as a path-finder and suggest cutting data. The active control tasks will, however, be carried out at the ACC level.
1988. Vol. 4, no 3-4, 413-421 p.