Experimental Determination of Aeracoustic Sources in Low Mach Number Internal Flows
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In this thesis, the in-duct experimental methods for determining aeroacoustic N-ports of in-duct elements are discussed and improved. The scattering matrix determination methods and the related wave decomposition methods are evaluated from measurements in an empty duct carrying a mean flow. The improvements of a new over-determination method for the source part of the N-port is studied using simulations and measurements; in quiescent air as well as measurements of the flow associated noise of a mixer plate, here a triangular plate inserted at an angle in a duct. The new method is shown to improve suppression of random errors while no improvement is achieved for bias errors.
Further, the methods are applied in the study of two different aeroacoustic phenomena; one is the effect on the flow associated noise of the triangular plate achieved by varying the bending stiffness. For the most resilient plate tested, it is observed that when the Strouhal number of the flow noise coalesce with the Helmholtz number of a specific eigen-mode of the plate, the noise is drastically dampened. There is also a weaker broad band effect.
The other phenomena studied is the amplification and attenuation obtained for sound waves propagating in a T-junction of rectangular ducts. It is found that by adding only 10% of inflow in the side branch relative to that in the main branch, the amplification is heavily increased. By adding another 10% the amplification is again similar to that of no side branch flow. Adding further flow lessens the effects still.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2010.
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2010:69
Aeracoustics, ducts, N-ports, scattering matrix, wave decomposition, source determination, over-determination, flow noise, fluid-acoustic interaction, fluid-structure-acoustic interaction, wave number, T-junction, power balance, grazing-bias flow
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Vehicle Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26133OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-26133DiVA: diva2:370447
2010-12-09, MWL 74, Teknikringen 8, Stockholm, KTH, 13:00 (English)
Enghardt, Lars, Prof. Dr.
Bodén, Hans, Associate Professor
ProjectsExperimental characterization of aero-acoustic sources
FunderSwedish Research Council
QC 201011182010-11-182010-11-162010-11-18Bibliographically approved
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