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MeV-range fast ion losses induced by fishbones on JET
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7142-7103
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2010 (English)In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 50, no 8, 084009- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Energy and pitch angle resolved measurements of highly energetic (megaelectronvolt (MeV) range) suprathermal ions ejected from the plasma through interaction with fishbone oscillations are presented. The measurements are obtained with a 2D scintillator probe diagnostic installed on JET, which is designed to detect lost ions only above a certain energy threshold (E-min,E- D similar to 200 keV). In the case reported here the lost ions are identified as fast protons which had been accelerated to high energies by ICRF minority heating. The energy of the lost protons (similar to 0.5-4 MeV) is approximately one order of magnitude higher than the energy of the injected beam ions (maximum 130 keV) driving the fishbone. Losses arriving at the probe are enhanced by about a factor 10-20 with respect to MHD-quiescent levels, and are found to increase quadratically with the fishbone amplitude. Using a number of simplifying assumptions, numerical simulations have been performed which combine the HAGIS, MISHKA and SELFO codes (where the distribution function predicted by SELFO has been validated against neutral particle analyser measurements). The losses are found to originate from orbit stochastic diffusion of trapped protons near the plasma boundary or from counter-passing protons deep in the plasma core, which transit under the influence of the fishbone into an unconfined trapped orbit. The simulations show further that the losses are of non-resonant type. The simulated energy and pitch angle distribution of the losses, the temporal behaviour of the losses during a fishbone cycle and the scaling of the losses with the fishbone amplitude are compared with experiment. The simulation results are mostly in broad agreement with experiment, but some of the predictions could not be reconciled with experiment using this model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 50, no 8, 084009- p.
Keyword [en]
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Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25560DOI: 10.1088/0029-5515/50/8/084009ISI: 000280505800010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-78149290717OAI: diva2:371182
11th IAEA Technical Meeting on Energetic Particles in Magnetic Confinement Systems Kiev, UKRAINE, SEP, 2009
QC 20110330Available from: 2010-11-19 Created: 2010-10-27 Last updated: 2011-03-30Bibliographically approved

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