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Tunable Ferromagnetism accompanied by Morphology Control in Li-doped Zn0.97Ni0.03O
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9050-5445
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2010 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 114, no 41, 17428-17433 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report morphological and ferromagnetic property control in ZnO nanorod structures by an optimum doping of Ni and Li. Nanostructures of Zn0.97-xNi0.03LixO (x = 0, 0.03, 0.05, 0.08, and 0.10) are prepared by a solvothermal method. High aspect ratio (5-15) ZnO nanorods transform to particles (with 1-3 aspect ratio) influenced by 3 at. % Ni substitution in ZnO (Zn0.97Ni0.03O). It is remarkable to note that the Zn1.97Ni0.03O particles completely retain the nanorod shape with significantly increased aspect ratio (15-30) when 3 at.c/a Li ions are codoped in (Zn0.99Li0.03Ni0.30O). Li substitution tits enhances ferromagnetism with largest magnetization (0.8 emu.g(-1)) observed for Zn0.94Li0.03Ni0.03O. For Li concentration >3 at.%, the aspect ratio as well as the magnetization decreased considerably. These experimental observations are explained by first-principles modeling. At low Li-on-Zn acceptor concentrations, the total magnetization is increased by lower Ni d-state populations, whereas at higher Li concentrations the population of ZnO host states decreases the ferromagnetism by induced magnetic moments on the oxygens. We discuss the significant implications of these results on the nanorods structures of room temperature ferromagnetic materials, which are expected to play pivotal role in developing spintronic devices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 114, no 41, 17428-17433 p.
Keyword [en]
National Category
Materials Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26303DOI: 10.1021/jp105457jISI: 000282855400025ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77957983189OAI: diva2:371818
QC 20101122Available from: 2010-11-22 Created: 2010-11-21 Last updated: 2010-11-22Bibliographically approved

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