Histaminergic and cholinergic neuron systems in the impairment of human thermoregulation during motion sickness
2010 (English)In: Brain Research Bulletin, ISSN 0361-9230, E-ISSN 1873-2747, Vol. 82, no 3-4, 193-200 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Motion sickness (MS) exaggerates body cooling during cold-water immersion. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether such MS-induced predisposition to hypothermia is influenced by two anti-MS drugs: the histamine-receptor blocker dimenhydrinate (DMH) and the muscarine-receptor blocker scopolamine (Scop). Nine healthy male subjects were immersed in 15 degrees C water for a maximum of 90 min in five conditions: (1) control (CN): no medication, no MS provocation; (2) MS-control (MS-CN): no medication, MS provocation; (3) MS-placebo (MS-P): placebo DMH and placebo Scop, MS provocation; (4) MS-DMH: DMH and placebo Scop, MS provocation; (5) MS-Scop: Scop and placebo DMH, MS provocation. MS was induced by use of a rotating chair. Throughout the experiments rectal temperature (T-re), the difference in temperature between the non-immersed right forearm and third finger (T-ff) as an index of peripheral vasoconstriction, and oxygen uptake (VO2) as a measure of shivering thermogenesis, were recorded. DMH and Scop were similarly efficacious in ameliorating nausea. The fall in T-re was greater in the MS-CN and MS-P conditions than in the CN condition. DMH, but not Scop, prevented the MS-induced increase in body-core cooling. MS attenuated the cold-induced vasoconstriction, an effect which was fully prevented by DMH but only partially by Scop. MS provocation did not affect VO2 in any condition. The results suggest that the MS-induced predisposition to hypothermia is predominantly mediated by histaminergic mechanisms and that DMH might be useful in conjunction with maritime accidents or other scenarios where exposure to cold and MS are imminent features.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 82, no 3-4, 193-200 p.
Hypothermia, Histamine, Acetylcholine, Temperature regulation, Motion illness
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26360DOI: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2010.04.004ISI: 000279972700007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77953542507OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-26360DiVA: diva2:371999
QC 201011232010-11-232010-11-232010-11-23Bibliographically approved