Study of the Apparent Kinetics of Biomass Gasification Using High-Temperature Steam
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Among the latest achievements in gasification technology, one may list the development of a method to preheat gasification agents using switched ceramic honey combs. The best output from this technology is achieved with use of water steam as a gasification agent, which is heated up to 1600 °C. The application of these temperatures with steam as a gasification agent provides a cleaner syngas (no nitrogen from air, cracked tars) and the ash melts into easily utilised glass-like sludge. High hydrogen content in output gas is also favourable for end-user applications.Among the other advantages of this technology is the presumable application of fixed-bed-type reactors fed by separately produced and preheated steam. This construction assumes relatively high steam flow rates to deliver the heat needed for endothermic reactions involving biomass. The biomass is to be heated uniformly and evenly in the volume of the whole reactor, providing easier and simpler control and operation in comparison to other types of reactors. To provide potential constructors and exploiters of these reactors with the kinetic data needed for the calculations of vital parameters for both reactor construction and exploitation, basic experimental research of high-temperature steam gasification of four types of industrially produced biomass has been conducted.Kinetic data have been obtained for straw and wood pellets, wood-chip charcoal and compressed charcoal of mixed origin. Experiments were conducted using two experimental facilities at the Energy and Furnace Division of the Department of Material Science and Engineering (MSE) at the School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM) of the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) and at the Combustion Laboratory of the Mechanical Engineering Department of the University of Maryland (UMD), USA.
The experimental facility at the Energy and Furnace Division has been improved with the addition of several constructive elements, providing better possibilities for thermo-gravimetric measurements.The obtained thermo-gravimetric data were analysed and approximated using several models described in the literature. In addition, appropriate software based on the Scilab package was developed. The implementation of the isothermal method based on optimisation algorithms has been developed and tested on the data obtained under the conditions of a slow decrease of temperature in experiments with the char gasification in small-scale experimental facilities in the Energy and Furnace Division.The composition of the gases generated during the gasification of straw and wood pellets by high-temperature steam has been recorded and analysed for different experimental conditions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2010. , iv, 48 p.
high temperature gasification, random pore model, grain model, volumetric model, TGA
Research subject SRA - Energy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26356ISBN: 978-91-7415-793-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-26356DiVA: diva2:372001
2010-11-24, V3, Teknikringen 72, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Ponzio, Anna, Dr.
Yang, Weihong, DocentBlasiak, Wlodzimierz, Professor
ProjectsStudy of ignition and kinetics of biomass/solid waste thermal conversion with high-temperature air/steam
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2007-3989StandUp
QC 201011242010-11-242010-11-232015-03-20Bibliographically approved
List of papers