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Investigations of thermophysical properties of slags with focus on slag-metal interface
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Process Science.
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The objective of this research work was to develop a methodology for experimentally estimating the interfacial properties at slag-metal interfaces. From previous experiments carried out in the division, it was decided to use surface active elements like sulfur or oxygen to trace any motion at the interface. For this purpose the following experimental investigations were carried out.

Firstly the density of slag was estimated using the Archimedes Principle and the Sessile Drop technique. The density of the slag would give the molten slag height required for the surface active element to travel before reaching the slag-metal interface.

Diffusivity measurements were uniquely designed in order to estimate the sulfur diffusion through slag media. It was for the first time that the chemical diffusivity was estimated from the concentration in the metal phase. Experiments carried out validated the models developed earlier.

The density and diffusivity value of sulfur in the slag was used to accurately capture the time for sulfur to reach the slag-metal interface. The oscillations were identified by calculating the contact angle variations and the interfacial velocity was estimated from the change in the surface area of the liquid iron drop. The interfacial tension was estimated from the contact angles and the interfacial dilatational modulus was calculated.

Based on cold model experiments using water as well as mercury, an equation of the dependence of the interfacial shear viscosity on the interfacial velocity and interfacial tension was established. This paved way for the estimation of the interfacial shear viscosity at the slag-metal interface.

The present study is expected to have a strong impact on refining reactions in pyometallurgical industries where slag/metal interfaces play an important role. From a fundamental view point, this provides a deeper insight into interfacial phenomena and presents an experimental technique to quantify the same.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2010. , vi, 26 p.
Keyword [en]
slags, density, diffusivity, sessile drop, interfacial velocity, interfacial viscosity, interfacial dilatational modulus, interfacial shear viscosity
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26611ISBN: 978-91-7415-785-7OAI: diva2:372624
Public defence
2010-12-10, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Swedish Research Council, H 6971
QC 20101130Available from: 2010-11-30 Created: 2010-11-26 Last updated: 2010-11-30Bibliographically approved

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