Modeling the Seasonality of Carbon, Evapotranspiration and Heat Processes for Cold Climate Conditions
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The productivity of agricultural and forest ecosystems in regions at higher latitudes is to a large extent governed by low temperature and moisture conditions. Environmental conditions are acting both above- and below-ground and regulating carbon fluxes and evapotranspiration. However, the understanding of various feedbacks between vegetation and environmental conditions is still unclear. In this thesis, two studies were conducted to understand the physical and biological processes. In the first study, the aim was to simulate soil temperature and moisture dynamics in the bare soil with seasonal frost conditions in China. In the second study, the aims were to model seasonal courses of carbon and evapotranspiration and to examine the responses of photosynthesis, transpiration and respiration on environmental conditions in a boreal Scots pine ecosystem in Finland. In both studies the CoupModel was applied to simulate the dynamic responses of the systems. Both sites represented investigations from which a high number of measurements were available. To understand to what extent the data could be used to increase the understanding of the systems, the Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE) was applied. The GLUE method was useful to reduce basic uncertainties with respect to parameter ranges, model structures and measurements.
The strong interactions between soil temperature and moisture processes have indicated by a few behavioral models obtained when constrained by combined temperature and moisture criteria. Model performance on sensible and latent heat fluxes and net ecosystem exchange (NEE) also indicated the coupled processes within the system. Seasonal and diurnal courses were reproduced successfully with reduced parameter ranges. However, uncertainties on what is the most general regulation for transpiration and NEE are still unclear and need further systematic investigations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2010. , x, 13 p.
Trita-LWR. LIC, ISSN 1650-8629 ; 2045
net ecosystem exchange (NEE), sensible and latent heat fluxes, photosynthesis, respiration, nitrogen turnover, Scots pine forest, bare soil, cold climate, soil physical characteristics, CoupModel, GLUE
Other Civil Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26918ISBN: 978-91-7415-826-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-26918DiVA: diva2:372901
2010-12-17, V3, KTH, Teknikringen 76, Stockholm, 13:15 (English)
Ibröm, Andreas, Professor
Jansson, Per-Erik, Professor
QC 201012062010-12-062010-11-292010-12-06Bibliographically approved
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