Acoustic properties of polymer-shelled ultrasound contrast agents. Bulk volume vs. microcapillary
2009 (English)In: 16th International Congress on Sound and Vibration 2009, ICSV 2009, Krakow, 2009, 2515-2522 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
The focus of contrast-enhanced ultrasound research has developed beyond detecting the blood pool to new areas such as perfusion imaging, drug and gene therapy, and targeted imaging. Polymer-shelled microbubbles are proposed as a new generation of ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) which fulfil the requirements of these applications. With a shelf-life of several months and possibility to conjugate pharmacological molecules to their surface, these UCAs will allow not only to enhance the contrast of ultrasound images, but also to function as carriers of drugs to be delivered locally. In this study, the results of an experimental investigation of three types of UCAs stabilized by thick poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) shell are presented. These UCAs are synthesized from a PVA aqueous solution under varied pH values and temperature. The UCAs differ from each other in their average diameter, shell thickness and polydispersity. Knowledge of the peak negative pressure at which the solid shell fractures is paramount for a proper use of UCAs. Therefore, the dependence of this quantity on temperature and number of cycles in the incident pulse is examined. Much of the blood volume resides in the microcirculation, with capillaries playing a particularly important role in patho-physiology and drug delivery. In this sense in vitro characterization of the UCAs oscillation was moved from bulk volume to the capillary scale, where tissue-bubble interaction takes place. The main conclusion to be drawn from these results is that the shell of the UCAs begin to fracture at values of mechanical index (MI) approved for clinical applications. The fatigue, i.e. the accumulation of damage within the shell of the UCAs, is found to play an important role in fracturing the shell. Finally adhesion of the UCAs to the elastic wall is studied and correlated with estimates of the shell’s visco-elastic constants. Open questions arising from this comparison are briefly discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Krakow, 2009. 2515-2522 p.
Ultrasound, contrast agents, microbubbles, polymer, thick shell
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Medical and Health Sciences Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Medical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26965ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84871410728ISBN: 978-161567736-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-26965DiVA: diva2:373479
16th International Congress on Sound and Vibration 2009, ICSV 2009; Krakow; Poland; 5 July 2009 through 9 July 2009
QC 201101262011-01-262010-11-302014-09-23Bibliographically approved