Combination of alkaline and enzymatic treatments as a process for upgrading sisal paper-grade pulp to dissolving-grade pulp
2010 (English)In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 101, no 19, 7416-7423 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A sequence of treatments consisting of an initial xylanase treatment followed by cold alkaline extraction and a final endoglucanase treatment was investigated as a process for upgrading non-wood paper-grade pulps to dissolving-grade pulps for viscose production. Five commercial dried bleached non-wood soda/ AQ paper pulps, from flax, hemp, sisal, abaca, and jute, were studied for this purpose. Commercial dried bleached eucalyptus dissolving pulp was used as reference sample. Sisal pulp showed the highest improvement in Fock's reactivity, reaching levels nearly as high or even higher than that of eucalyptus dissolving pulp (65%), and a low hemicellulose content (3-4%) when was subjected to this sequence of treatments. The viscosity, however, decreased considerably. A uniform and narrow molecular weight distribution was observed by size exclusion chromatography. C-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and Raman microspectroscopy revealed that the cellulose structure consisted of cellulose I.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 101, no 19, 7416-7423 p.
Alkaline extraction, Dissolving-grade pulp, Enzymatic treatment, Paper-grade pulp, Non-wood fibers
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26983DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.04.050ISI: 000279894400032PubMedID: 20493684ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77957728796OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-26983DiVA: diva2:373629
QC 201012012010-12-012010-12-012015-05-26Bibliographically approved