High-temperature mass spectrometric study of the vaporization processes of V2O3 and vanadium-containing slags
2010 (English)In: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, ISSN 0951-4198, E-ISSN 1097-0231, Vol. 24, no 16, 2420-2430 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A Knudsen effusion mass spectrometric method was used to study the vaporization processes and thermodynamic properties of pure V2O3 and 14 samples of vanadium-containing slags in the CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 system in the temperature range 1875-2625 K. The system was calibrated using gold in the liquid state as the standard. Vaporization was carried out from double tungsten effusion cells. First it was shown that, in vapor over V2O3 and the vanadium-containing slags in the temperature range 1875-2100 K, the following vapor species were present: VO2, VO, O, WO3 and WO2, with the latter two species being formed as a result of interaction with the tungsten crucibles. The temperature dependencies of the partial pressures of these vapor species were obtained over V2O3 and the slags. The ion current comparison method was used for the determination of the V2O3 activities in slags as a function of temperature with solid V2O3 as a reference state. The V2O3 activity coefficients in the slags under investigation indicated positive deviations from ideality at 1900 K and a tendency to ideal behavior at 2100K. It was shown that the V2O3 activity as a function of the slag basicity decreased at 1900 K and 2000 K and was practically constant in the slag melts at 2100K. The results are expected to be valuable in the optimization of slag composition in high-alloy steelmaking processes as well as for their environmental implications. Copyright (C) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 24, no 16, 2420-2430 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26866DOI: 10.1002/rcm.4657ISI: 000280687200014ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77955359931OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-26866DiVA: diva2:373700
QC 201012012010-12-012010-11-292012-03-28Bibliographically approved