Forward-backward scheme on the B/E grid modified to suppress lattice separation: the two versions, and any impact of the choice made?
2010 (English)In: Meteorology and atmospheric physics (Print), ISSN 0177-7971, E-ISSN 1436-5065, Vol. 108, no 1-2, 1-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ever since its introduction to meteorology in the early 1970s, the forward-backward scheme has proven to be a very efficient method of treating gravity waves, with an added bonus of avoiding the time computational mode of the leapfrog scheme. It has been and it is used today in a number of models. When used on a square grid other than the Arakawa C grid, modification is or modifications are available to suppress the noise-generating separation of solutions on elementary C grids. Yet, in spite of a number of papers addressing the scheme and its modification, or modifications, issues remain that have either not been addressed or have been commented upon in a misleading or even in an incorrect way. Specifically, restricting ourselves to the B/E grid does it matter and if so how which of the two equations, momentum and the continuity equation, is integrated forward? Is there just one modification suppressing the separation of solutions, or have there been proposed two modification schemes? Questions made are addressed and a number of misleading statements made are recalled and commented upon. In particular, it is demonstrated that there is no added computational cost in integrating the momentum equation forward, and it is pointed out that this would seem advantageous given the height perturbations excited in the first step following a perturbation at a single height point. Yet, 48-h numerical experiments with a full-physics model show only a barely visible difference between the forecasts done using one and the other equation forward.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 108, no 1-2, 1-8 p.
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26844DOI: 10.1007/s00703-010-0080-1ISI: 000281106100001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77954477429OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-26844DiVA: diva2:374584
QC 201012062010-12-062010-11-292010-12-06Bibliographically approved