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Energy savings by improved road frost warnings
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering.
Department of Earth Sciences, Univeristy of Gothenburg, Sweden.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27030OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27030DiVA: diva2:374605
Note
QC 20101206Available from: 2010-12-06 Created: 2010-12-06 Last updated: 2010-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. New methods for improving winter road maintenence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New methods for improving winter road maintenence
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Winter road maintenance activities are crucial for maintaining the accessibility and traffic safety of the road network during winters. Common winter road maintenance activities include plowing and the use of de-icing agents (e.g. NaCl) to avoid freezing. Effective winter road maintenance strives towards keeping the roads free from snow and ice while reducing negative side effects of winter road maintenance, such as ground water contamination from road salt. Since the weather is decisive for when there is an increased risk of slipperiness, the understanding and continuous observation and forecasts of the road weather are of highest importance. Sensors are commonly installed along roads to measure road weather conditions to support the road maintenance personnel in taking appropriate actions. Different types of errors and uncertainties related to sensors used for frost warnings along roads have been investigated by using a regional scale dataset from south-western Sweden. The results from this study indicate that various types of uncertainties originate from both measurements and models which have a significant impact on the winter road maintenance efficiency. To provide better information about the road surface conditions, a new method for detecting ice formation on roads is presented. Infrared sensors were used to detect temperature patterns which may occur when ice formation take place on a road surface. The investigations demonstrate the potential to improve winter road maintenance by introducing new methods to better describe the road surface conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2010. x, 13 p.
Series
Trita-LWR. LIC, ISSN 1650-8629 ; 2055
Keyword
Winter road maintenance, Sensors, Infrared thermometry, Energy efficiency, De-icing salt
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26926 (URN)978-91-7415-833-5 (ISBN)
Presentation
2010-12-20, Sal V3, KTH, Teknikringen 72, Stockholm, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101206Available from: 2010-12-06 Created: 2010-11-29 Last updated: 2010-12-06Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf