Modeling seasonal courses of carbon fluxes and evaportranspiration in response to low temperature and moisture in a boreal scots pine ecosystem
2011 (English)In: Ecological Modelling, ISSN 0304-3800, Vol. 222, 3103-3119 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Environmental conditions act above and below ground, and regulate carbon fluxes and evapotranspiration. The productivity of boreal forest ecosystems is strongly governed by low temperature and moisture conditions, but the understanding of various feedbacks between vegetation and environmental conditions is still unclear. In order to quantify the seasonal responses of vegetation to environmental factors, the seasonality of carbon and heat fluxes and the corresponding responses for temperature and moisture in air and soil were simulated by merging a process-based model (CoupModel) with detailed measurements representing various components of a forest ecosystem in Hyytiälä, southern Finland. The uncertainties in parameters, model assumptions, and measurements were identified by generalized likelihood uncertainty estimation (GLUE). Seasonal and diurnal courses of sensible and latent heat fluxes and net ecosystem exchange (NEE) of CO2 were successfully simulated for two contrasting years. Moreover, systematic increases in efficiency of photosynthesis, water uptake, and decomposition occurred from spring to summer, demonstrating the strong coupling between processes. Evapotranspiration and NEE flux both showed a strong response to soil temperature conditions via different direct and indirect ecosystem mechanisms. The rate of photosynthesis was strongly correlated with the corresponding water uptake response and the light use efficiency. With the present data and model assumptions, it was not possible to precisely distinguish the various regulating ecosystem mechanisms. Our approach proved robust for modeling the seasonal course of carbon fluxes and evapotranspiration by combining different independent measurements. It will be highly interesting to continue using long-term series data and to make additional tests of optional stomatal conductance models in order to improve our understanding of the boreal forest ecosystem in response to climate variability and environmental conditions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 222, 3103-3119 p.
Net ecosystem exchange (NEE), Sensible and latent heat fluxes, Photosynthesis, Respiration, Scots pine forest, CoupModel, Generalized likelihood uncertainty estimation (GLUE)
Other Natural Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27038DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2011.05.023ISI: 000295071400010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-80051939835OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27038DiVA: diva2:374664
Uppdaterad från submitted till published 201109212010-12-062010-12-062011-11-21Bibliographically approved