Black liquor gasification integrated in pulp and paper mills: A critical review
2010 (English)In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 101, no 21, 8001-8015 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Black liquor gasification (BLG) has potential to replace a Tomlinson recovery boiler as an alternative technology to increase safety, flexibility and energy efficiency of pulp and paper mills. This paper presents an extensive literature review of the research and development of various BLG technologies over recent years based on low and high temperature gasification that include SCA-Billerud process, Manufacturing and Technology Conversion International (MTCI) process, direct alkali regeneration system (DARS), BLG with direct causticization, Chemrec BLG system, and catalytic hydrothermal BLG. A few technologies were tested on pilot scale but most of them were abandoned due to technical inferiority and very fewer are now at commercial stage. The drivers for the commercialization of BLG enabling bio-refinery operations at modern pulp mills, co-producing pulp and value added energy products, are discussed. In addition, the potential areas of research and development in BLG required to solve the critical issues and to fill research knowledge gaps are addressed and highlighted. (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 101, no 21, 8001-8015 p.
Bio-refinery, Black liquor gasification, Pulp and paper mills, Synthesis gas
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27184DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.05.013ISI: 000280570900001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77954564046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27184DiVA: diva2:375487
QC 201012082010-12-082010-12-082012-05-28Bibliographically approved