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Kinetic evaluation of sorption and desorption
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Nuclear Chemistry.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Nuclear Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0663-0751
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry.
2010 (English)In: Adsorption, ISSN 0929-5607, E-ISSN 1572-8757, Vol. 16, no 3, 155-159 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sorption is often quantified by a distribution coefficient, K-d, which is the equilibrium ratio between species sorbed to the rock and species in solution. Traditionally K-d-values are determined in batch experiments from equilibrium concentrations. In this work we describe an approach to determine rate constants for sorption and desorption from data obtained in ordinary batch sorption experiments. By varying the surface area to solution volume ratio in experiments where the dynamics for sorption equilibration is monitored, the rate constants (and consequently the K-d-value, which is the quota between forward and backward reactions) can be determined. To demonstrate the method, sorption of strontium to crushed granite was studied. The K-d-value obtained with the kinetic approach was in good agreement with that obtained from equilibrium concentrations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 16, no 3, 155-159 p.
Keyword [en]
Sorption, Kinetics, Cation, Mineral, Sr2+, Granite
National Category
Physical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26815DOI: 10.1007/s10450-010-9208-3ISI: 000281522000007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77956922929OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-26815DiVA: diva2:375614
Note
QC 20101208Available from: 2010-12-08 Created: 2010-11-29 Last updated: 2010-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Jonsson, Mats

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