Petrographic and thermodynamic study of slags in EAF stainless steelmaking
2010 (English)In: Ironmaking & steelmaking, ISSN 0301-9233, Vol. 37, no 6, 425-436 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A study of the typical characteristics of electrical arc furnace (EAF) slags in the production of the stainless steel (AISI 304L) was carried out. Twenty-eight slag samples were taken from 14 heats. Simultaneously with each slag sampling, the temperature of the steel was measured, and one steel sample was taken. The selected slag samples were studied both using SEM-EDS and light optical microscopy. Computational thermodynamics was used as a tool to predict the equilibrium phases in the top slag as well as the amount of these phases at the process temperatures. It was observed that, at process temperature, the stainless EAF slag generally consists of liquid oxides, spinel particles and metallic droplets. Under normal operation, the amount of spinel particles is 26 wt-%. In addition, the influence of the slag temperature, basicity, MgO content and Cr2O3 content on the amount of spinel precipitates and thereby on the foaming index of the top slag is also illustrated and discussed. More specifically, it was found that, within the compositional range of the slag samples, the critical parameter affecting the amount of solid spinel particles in the slag is the chromium oxide content.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 37, no 6, 425-436 p.
Stainless steel, EAF, Slag, Microstructural characterisation, Computational thermodynamics, Slag foaming, Metallic droplets, Spinel particles
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26812DOI: 10.1179/030192310X12646889256022ISI: 000281466900005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77956204070OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-26812DiVA: diva2:375785
QC 201012092010-12-092010-11-292011-05-17Bibliographically approved