Weldability aspects of a newly developed duplex stainless steel LDX 2101
2008 (English)In: STEEL RES INT, ISSN 1611-3683, Vol. 79, no 6, 473-481 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Duplex grades have, due to balanced chemical compositions of both filler and base metals, a weldability that allows for successful welding using a majority of the technically relevant techniques of today. In order to fulfil the performance requirements several aspects must be considered. In the heat affected zone (HAZ) the austenite reformation must be reasonably high and in the weld metal the microstructure must be stable so that e.g. high productivity welding and multi-pass welding are possible, without precipitation of detrimental phases in previous passes. This paper addresses the effect of alloying elements and thermal cycles on phase balance in the high temperature HAZ (HTHAZ) of the newly developed lean duplex grade LDX 2101 (EN 1.4162, UNS S32101). Bead-on-plate welds and simulated weld structures have been produced and investigated using metallography, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results are analysed using the thermodynamic database Thermo-Calc and a model for phase transformation based on a paraequilibrium assumption for ferrite-austenite transformation. In the temperature region outside the paraequilibrium domain, growth controlled by diffusion of substitutional elements was considered. The analysis follows a model by Cahn regarding grain boundary nucleated growth and the Hillert-Engberg model on kinetics of spherical and planar growth.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 79, no 6, 473-481 p.
duplex stainless steel, welding, weld simulation, heat affected zone, HAZ, microstructure, thermodynamic modelling, impact energy, impact toughness, phase transformation, kinetics
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27217DOI: 10.2374/SRI08SP046-79-2008-473ISI: 000257357500011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27217DiVA: diva2:375983
QC 201012092010-12-092010-12-092010-12-13Bibliographically approved