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Growth and differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells on biodegradable polymer scaffolds: An in vitro study
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
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2010 (English)In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, ISSN 1549-3296, Vol. 95A, no 4, 1244-1251 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A fundamental component of bone tissue engineering is an appropriate scaffold as a carrier for osteogenic cells. The aim of the study was to evaluate the response of human bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) to scaffolds made of three biodegradable polymers: poly(L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) (poly(LLA-co-CL)), poly(L-lactide-co-1,5dioxepan-2-one) (poly(LLA-co-DXO)), and poly(L-lactide) (poly(LLA)). Cellular response was evaluated in terms of attachment, proliferation, and differentiation. SEM disclosed earlier cell attachment and better spreading on poly(LLA-co-CL) and poly(LLA-co-DXO) scaffolds than on poly(LLA) after 1 h. At 24 h and 14 days postseeding, BMSCs had spread well, forming multiple cellular layers on the scaffolds. Cell proliferation was higher on poly(LLA-co-CL) and on poly(LLA-co-DXO) than on poly(LLA) after 1 and 7 days. Cell growth cycles of BMSC were longer on the scaffolds than on coverslips. After 7 and 14 days cultivation on scaffolds, the expression of osteogenic markers such as ALP, Col I, OPN, and Runx2 were stimulated by BMSC, which indicating that poly(LLA-co-DXO), poly(LLA-co-CL), and poly(LLA) could support the osteogenic differentiation of BMSC in vitro. Poly(LLA-co-CL) and poly(LLA-co-DXO) promoted better attachment and growth of BMSC than poly(LLA). BMSC also retained their osteogenic differentiation potential, indicating biological activity of BMSC on the scaffolds. The promising results of this in vitro study indicate that these copolymers warrant further evaluation for potential application in bone tissue engineering.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 95A, no 4, 1244-1251 p.
Keyword [en]
bone marrow stromal stem cell, copolymer, scaffold, cell attachment, tissue engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27076DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.32945ISI: 000284023200029ScopusID: 2-s2.0-78449282488OAI: diva2:376323
QC 20101210Available from: 2010-12-10 Created: 2010-12-06 Last updated: 2010-12-10Bibliographically approved

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Dånmark, StaffanAlbertsson, Ann-ChristineFinne Wistrand, Anna
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