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Ethical analysis of three methods for destruction of ammunition
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Physiology and Forest Genetics, Uppsala.
2011 (English)In: Risk Management: An International Journal, ISSN 1460-3799, E-ISSN 1743-4637, Vol. 13, no 1-2, 63-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A comparative ethical analysis of three different methods for destroying ammunition was performed using a three-party model for ethical risk analysis presented by Hermansson and Hansson. The model was also evaluated by applying it for the case of destruction of a 40-mm grenade in Sweden. A general observation is that future generations and people in foreign countries will be negatively affected by the destruction of ammunition, although they quite often receive no benefit or compensation. A number of groups exposed to risks or environmental impacts will have some benefits from the destruction. However, it is difficult to determine the extent of this benefit or the fairness of the distribution of risks and benefits. This highlights some important limitations of the Hermansson and Hansson model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 13, no 1-2, 63-79 p.
Keyword [en]
ammunition, ethics, risk-exposed, beneficiary, decision maker
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27343DOI: 10.1057/rm.2011.2ISI: 000291754400004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79958822378OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27343DiVA: diva2:376433
Note
QC 20101210 Updated from manuscript to article in journal.Available from: 2010-12-10 Created: 2010-12-10 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Environmental and ethical aspects of destruction of ammunition
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental and ethical aspects of destruction of ammunition
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Many decision-making situations today affect the safety of individuals and the environment,for instance hazardous waste management. In practice, many of these decisions are madewithout an overall view and with the focus on either the environment or safety. Now and then the areas of regulation are in conflict, i.e. the best alternative according to environmental considerations is not always the safest way and vice versa.A tool for taking an overall view within the areas of safety and environment would simplify matters and provide authorities and industry with a better basis for their work. This thesis forms part of a project which aims to develop a framework tool giving this overall view and supporting decision-making in which the issues (areas) of environment, safety, ethics and costs are all integrated. By developing a framework tool, different areas of interest could be taken into consideration more easily when a decision is to be made and could also help develop legislation and policy locally (at an industry or company), nationally and internationally. The project also aims to provide knowledge about different destruction/decommission methods, their good and bad points and their consequences, in order to provide different actors with a better basis for decision-making. This thesis focuses on development of the framework. The scope of the studies was restricted to environment, ethics and personnel safety due to the extent of the work and time limitations. In the next part of the project, the areas of costs and evaluation will be studied and a first draft of the framework tool will be presented. In order to develop the framework tool, two case studies were carried out here: an environmental analysis involving a life cycle assessment and an ethical analysis. With the help of these analyses, three different methods of destruction of ammunition were compared: Open detonation, modelled both with and without recovery and recycling of metals; incineration in a static kiln with air pollution control combined with recycling of metals, modelled with two different levels of air emissions; and a combination of incineration with air pollution control, open burning, recovery of some energetic material and recycling of metals, giving a total of five options. Every method of destruction of energetic material, i.e. explosive waste or ammunition, results in environmental impacts in both the short and long term. These environmental impacts have direct or indirect impacts on safety, quality of life, the economy, etc., now and in the future, locally and globally. Life cycle assessment revealed two factors of importance for reducing the environmental impacts: Recycling the metals and air pollution control. As a consequence of controlling these potential negative environmental impacts, safety problems might also be controlled. Ethical analysis revealed that future generations and people in foreign countries will be affected by the destruction of ammunition. When choosing a method for destruction of ammunition, this group (the general public) should thus be given special attention.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2010. 41 p.
Series
Trita-SOM , ISSN 1653-6126 ; 2010:16
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27345 (URN)978-91-7415-809-0 (ISBN)
Presentation
2010-12-15, E2, Lindstedtsvägen 3, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101210Available from: 2010-12-10 Created: 2010-12-10 Last updated: 2011-02-04Bibliographically approved

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