Imaging Immune Surveillance of Individual Natural Killer Cells Confined in Microwell Arrays
2010 (English)In: PLOS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 5, no 11, e15453- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
New markers are constantly emerging that identify smaller and smaller subpopulations of immune cells. However, there is a growing awareness that even within very small populations, there is a marked functional heterogeneity and that measurements at the population level only gives an average estimate of the behaviour of that pool of cells. New techniques to analyze single immune cells over time are needed to overcome this limitation. For that purpose, we have designed and evaluated microwell array systems made from two materials, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and silicon, for high-resolution imaging of individual natural killer (NK) cell responses. Both materials were suitable for short-term studies (<4 hours) but only silicon wells allowed long-term studies (several days). Time-lapse imaging of NK cell cytotoxicity in these microwell arrays revealed that roughly 30% of the target cells died much more rapidly than the rest upon NK cell encounter. This unexpected heterogeneity may reflect either separate mechanisms of killing or different killing efficiency by individual NK cells. Furthermore, we show that high-resolution imaging of inhibitory synapse formation, defined by clustering of MHC class I at the interface between NK and target cells, is possible in these microwells. We conclude that live cell imaging of NK-target cell interactions in multi-well microstructures are possible. The technique enables novel types of assays and allow data collection at a level of resolution not previously obtained. Furthermore, due to the large number of wells that can be simultaneously imaged, new statistical information is obtained that will lead to a better understanding of the function and regulation of the immune system at the single cell level.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 5, no 11, e15453- p.
t-cells, single cells, imunological synapse, microfluidic device, limph-node, on-chip, activation, platform, segregation, cytometry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27053DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015453ISI: 000284147700028ScopusID: 2-s2.0-78649726238OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27053DiVA: diva2:377023
QC 201012132010-12-132010-12-062015-01-13Bibliographically approved