Environmental and resource aspects of sustainable biocomposites
2010 (English)In: Polymer degradation and stability, ISSN 0141-3910, E-ISSN 1873-2321, Vol. 95, no 11, 2147-2161 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This review critically discusses the environmental and resource implications for the design of sustainable biocomposites. Sustainable biocomposites should satisfy several requirements: (i) renewable and/or recycled resources should be utilized for their manufacture; (ii) the synthetic, modification, and processing operations should be benign and energy effective; (iii) no hazardous environmental or toxicological effects should arise during any stage of their life cycle; and (iv) their waste management options should be implemented. The future integration of biorefineries and green chemistry will guarantee the availability of a wide range of raw materials for their preparation. The emission of volatile organic compounds and the release of nanoparticles should be evaluated from a toxicological and environmental point of view. Finally, the susceptibility of sustainable biocomposites towards degradation, including abiotic effects (water absorption, thermo- and photo-oxidation) and biofilm formation and biodegradation, must be considered, to guarantee their structural and functional stability during service life, and to ensure their biodegradability and assimilation during composting.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 95, no 11, 2147-2161 p.
Biocomposite, Degradation, Nanoparticle release, Renewable resources, Life cycle analysis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27051DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2010.07.016ISI: 000283907500003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77957860012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27051DiVA: diva2:377047
QC 20101213 Konferens: 2nd International Conference on Biodegradable Polymers and Sustainable Composites, Alicante, SPAIN, OCT, 20092010-12-132010-12-062011-02-17Bibliographically approved