Tilting trains: benefits and motion sickness
2010 (English)In: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part F, journal of rail and rapid transit, ISSN 0954-4097, Vol. 224, no F6, 513-522 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Carbody tilting is today a mature and inexpensive technology that allows higher speeds on curves, thus shortening travel time. The technology has been accepted by many train operators, but some issues are still holding back the full potential of tilting trains. This paper focuses on improving the benefits and limiting the drawbacks of tilting trains. This is done by quantifying the possible running time benefits compared with today's tilting trains, identifying what motion components have an influence on motion sickness, and finally quantifying the influence from the increased speed on these motion components.
A running time analysis was made to show what potential there is to further improve running times by optimizing tracks and trains. Relations between cant deficiency, top speed, tractive performance, and running times are shown for a tilting train. About 9 per cent running time may be gained on the Stockholm-Gothenburg (457 km) main line in Sweden if cant deficiency, top speed, and tractive performance are improved compared with existing tilting trains. Introduction of non-tilting high-speed trains is not an option on this line due to the large number of 1000 m curves.
However, tilting trains run a greater risk of causing motion sickness than non-tilting trains. Roll velocity and vertical acceleration are the two motion components that show the largest increase, but the amplitudes are lower than those used in laboratory tests that caused motion sickness. Higher curve speeds will increase carbody motions still further, but there are some possibilities to trade between vertical and lateral carbody acceleration by increasing or decreasing roll.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 224, no F6, 513-522 p.
tilting trains, running time, motion sickness
Research subject Järnvägsgruppen - Gröna tåget
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27046DOI: 10.1243/09544097JRRT282ISI: 000284103500001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-78349287708OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27046DiVA: diva2:377100
QC 201012132010-12-132010-12-062011-05-06Bibliographically approved