Strategies for a road transport system based on renewable resources: The case of an import-independent Sweden in 2025
2010 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 87, no 6, 1836-1845 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
When discussing how society can decrease greenhouse gas emissions, the transport sector is often seen as posing one of the most difficult problems. In addition, the transport sector faces problems related to security of supply. The aim of this paper is to present possible strategies for a road transport system based on renewable energy sources and to illustrate how such a system could be designed to avoid dependency on imports, using Sweden as an example. The demand-side strategies considered include measures for decreasing the demand for transport, as well as various technical and non-technical means of improving vehicle fuel economy. On the supply side, biofuels and synthetic fuels produced from renewable electricity are discussed. Calculations are performed to ascertain the possible impact of these measures on the future Swedish road transport sector. The results underline the importance of powerful demand-side measures and show that although biofuels can certainly contribute significantly to an import-independent road transport sector, they are far from enough even in a biomass-rich country like Sweden. Instead, according to this study, fuels based on renewable electricity will have to cover more than half of the road transport sector's energy demand.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 87, no 6, 1836-1845 p.
Road transport; Import-independent; Biofuel; Synthetic fuel; Demand-side strategies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9252DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.02.011ISI: 000278306300005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77951091042OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9252DiVA: diva2:37760
QC 20100823. Uppdaterad från submitted till published (20100823). Tidigare titel: Strategies for a road transport system based on renewable resources: the case of a self-sufficient Sweden in 20252008-10-132008-10-132013-01-11Bibliographically approved