Setting Rational Environmental Goals: Five Swedish Environmental Quality Objectives
2007 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 50, no 2, 297-316 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Goals and performance targets are commonly used as tools in the policy-implementation process. In Sweden, environmental policy is operationalized through a system of environmental quality objectives that were adopted by the Swedish Riksdag in the late 1990s. The objectives describe what level of environmental quality Sweden should aim for within a generation, and are designed to guide decision making in all sectors of society. However, to guide decision making toward improved environmental quality, these objectives should satisfy a set of rationality (functionality) criteria; they should be precise, evaluable, approachable, motivating and coherent. In this paper, five Swedish environmental quality objectives are investigated through an application of the suggested criteria: (1) a balanced marine environment, flourishing coastal areas and archipelagos; (2) a magnificent mountain landscape; (3) a non-toxic environment; (4) natural acidification only; and (5) a good built environment. The aim of the paper is to bring the rationality of the objectives up for discussion, and to illustrate the range of issues and difficulties that are involved in choosing and assessing environmental policy goals.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 50, no 2, 297-316 p.
MANAGEMENT; STABILITY; BALANCE; VALUES; POLICY
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9269DOI: 10.1080/09640560601156540ISI: 000248977000007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33947141942OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9269DiVA: diva2:37835
QC 201007152008-10-142008-10-142014-01-21Bibliographically approved