Molecular dynamics simulations of Zn2+ coordination in protein binding sites
2010 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 132, no 20, 205101- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A systematic molecular dynamics (MD) study of zinc binding to a peptide that mimics the structural binding site of horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase (HLADH) has been conducted. The four zinc binding cysteines were successively mutated into alanines to study the stability, zinc coordination, and free energy of binding. The zinc ion is coordinated to four sulfurs in the native peptide as in x-ray structures of HLADH. When the cysteines are replaced by alanines, the zinc coordinating sulfurs are replaced by waters and/or polypeptide backbone carbonyl oxygens. With two or fewer cysteines, the coordination number increases from four to six, while the coordination number varies between four and six with three cysteines depending on which of the cysteines that is replaced by an alanine. The binding free energies of zinc to the proteins were calculated from MD free energy integration runs to which corrections from quantum mechanical cluster calculations were added. There is a reasonable correlation with experimental binding free energies [T. Bergman , Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 65, 4019 (2008)]. For the chains with the lowest structural fluctuations and highest free energies lower coordination numbers for zinc are obtained. Finally, x-ray absorption fine structure spectra were calculated from the MD structures.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 132, no 20, 205101- p.
binding energy, coupled cluster calculations, EXAFS, molecular dynamics method, proteins, zinc
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27544DOI: 10.1063/1.3428381ISI: 000278183100033ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77953075511OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27544DiVA: diva2:379089
FunderSwedish Research Council
QC 201012172010-12-172010-12-132014-09-19Bibliographically approved