Pickling of Process-Oxidised Austenitic Stainless Steels in HNO3-HF Mixed Acid
2010 (English)In: STEEL RES INT, ISSN 1611-3683, Vol. 81, no 7, 542-551 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Oxide formation during production annealing and the subsequent pickling response in mixed acid have been studied. The aims were to characterise the oxides formed and to understand how the pickling mechanism and kinetics are affected by the nature of the oxide. Totally, eight different versions of the austenitic stainless steel grades AISI 301, 304L and 309L were studied, all annealed in production lines. Cold rolled oxides (formed during annealing) are thin (< 1 mu m), dense and formed in a multilayered manner. Hot rolled oxides (formed during reheating, hot rolling and annealing) are thicker (>1 mu m) and more heterogeneous in thickness and composition. The dissolution rate of the chromium depleted layer (CDL) under the oxide is the most important factor for the overall pickling rate. The permeability of acid through the oxide and the tendency of the oxide to spall are also important factors affecting the pickling kinetics. The dense oxide formed on cold rolled materials can to some extent hinder the acid to reach the CDL. The oxides on hot rolled materials are porous and do not provide such a barrier but they are thicker and thereby more difficult to remove. Shot-blasting prior to pickling of the hot rolled materials improves the pickling performance because it thins the oxide, improves the permeability and increases the tendency of the oxide to spall during the pickling step.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 81, no 7, 542-551 p.
pickling, oxidation, stainless steel
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27718DOI: 10.1002/srin.201000011ISI: 000280782000006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77956584717OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27718DiVA: diva2:380035
QC 201012202010-12-202010-12-202015-01-21Bibliographically approved