Geometry Related Inter-Instrument Differences in Spectrophotometric Measurements
2010 (English)In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, Vol. 25, no 2, 221-232 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The L&W Elrepho d/0 and the Spectrolino 45/0 instruments are examined using paper samples with different properties. External factors that influence the measurements such as the sample background, the instrument calibration and the sample inhomogeneity are studied, and a methodology for their minimization is presented. Experimental measurements show that such external factors, if not minimized by proper routines, affect the inter-instrument differences far more (up to 4-5 Delta E-ab(star)) than the instrument geometry (the effect of which is small and of order 0.1 Delta E-ab(star)). The DORT2002 radiative transfer model is used to simulate differences caused by instrument geometry. The simulated and measured differences are found to agree in magnitude, and the differences are mapped against sample properties. It is observed that the 45/0 instrument detects higher reflectance from paper samples with negligible absorption and transmittance. When there is considerable absorption (dyed samples) or transmittance (thin samples), the d/0 instrument detects higher reflectance. The physical mechanism behind this behavior is studied and explained using DORT2002, and the instrument differences are shown to depend on the anisotropy of the reflected light. The model/measurement agreement is satisfactory as the characteristic behavior is captured in almost all cases studied. This new understanding is important for facilitating accurate data exchange between the paper and graphic arts industries, but also for interpretation of reflectance measurements in general.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 25, no 2, 221-232 p.
Reflectance measurements, Spectrophotometry, Instrument geometry, Measurement differences, Radiative transfer, Anisotropy, Absorption, Transmittance
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27235ISI: 000279341100011ScopusID: 2-s2.0-78649369333OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27235DiVA: diva2:381873
QC 201012292010-12-292010-12-092010-12-29Bibliographically approved