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Recursive estimation of machine tool structure dynamic properties
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Machine and Process Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9185-4607
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Machine and Process Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2511-7267
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Machine and Process Technology. (Maskin och processteknologi)
2010 (English)In: CIRP International Conference on High Performance Cutting, / [ed] Tojiro Aoyama, Yoshimi Takeuchi, Gifu, 2010, 365-370 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In today’s highly competitive environment there is a need for fast and accurate methods to assess the capability of manufacturing units. The traditional estimation of the dynamic properties of machine tools is usually time consuming and assumes time-invariant properties. This paper introduces a method for analyzing machine tool structure dynamic properties by recursive estimation of modal and operational parameters. A contact-less excitation system and a specially designed tool were employed to enable spindle speed sweep. The primary contribution of this paper lies within the formulation and implementation of recursive parametric models for tracking the time-varying dynamic properties of a machine tool structure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gifu, 2010. 365-370 p.
Series
CIRP High Performance Cutting, 4
Keyword [en]
High speed machine tool, Spindle, Recursive estimation, Modal parameters, Operational dynamic parameters, Contact-less excitation system
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
SRA - Production
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27789ISBN: 978-4-915698-03-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27789DiVA: diva2:382503
Conference
4th CIRP International Conference on High Performance Cutting, 24-26 October, 2010, Nagaragawa Convention Center, Gifu, Japan
Projects
FFI Robust maskinbearbetning
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Note
QC 20110126Available from: 2011-01-26 Created: 2010-12-31 Last updated: 2012-04-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. A Computational Framework for Control of Machining System Capability: From Formulation to Implementation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Computational Framework for Control of Machining System Capability: From Formulation to Implementation
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Comprehensive knowledge and information about the static and dynamic behaviour of machine tools, cutting processes and their interaction is essential for machining system design, simulation, control and robust operation in safe conditions. The very complex system of a machine tool, fixture and cutting tools during the machining of a part is almost impossible to model analytically with sufficient accuracy. In combination with increasing demands for precision and efficiency in machining call for new control strategies for machining systems. These strategies need to be based on the identification of the static and dynamic stability under both the operational and off-operational conditions. To achieve this it is necessary to monitor and analyze the real system at the factory floor in full production. Design information and operational data can then be linked together to make a realistic digital model of a given machining system. Information from such a model can then be used as input in machining simulation software to find the root causes of instability.

The work presented in this thesis deals with the static and dynamic capability of machining systems. The main focus is on the operational stability of the machining system and structural behaviour of only the machine tool, as well.

When the accuracy of a machining system is measured by traditional techniques, effects from neither the static stiffness nor the cutting process are taken into account. This limits the applicability of these techniques for realistic evaluation of a machining system’s accuracy. The research presented in this thesis takes a different approach by introducing the concept of operational dynamic parameters. The concept of operational dynamic parameters entails an interaction between the structural elements of the machining systems and the process parameters. According to this concept, the absolute criterion of damping is used to evaluate the dynamic behaviour of a machining system. In contrast to the traditional theory, this methodology allows to determine the machining system's dynamic stability, in real time under operating conditions. This framework also includes an evaluation of the static deformations of a machine tool.  In this context, a novel concept of elastically linked system is introduced to account for the representation of the cutting force trough an elastic link that closes the force loop. In addition to the elastic link which behaves as a static element, a dynamic non-contact link has been introduced. The purpose is to study the non-linear effects introduced by variations of contact conditions in joints due to rotational speed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2011. xv, 97 p.
Series
Trita-IIP, ISSN 1650-1888 ; 11:11
Keyword
Machining system, Stability, Statistical Dynamics, Elastic Linked System (ELS), Operational Dynamic Parameters (ODP), Loaded Double Ball Bar (LDBB), Virtual Machining System Engine (VMSE), Contactless Excitation and Response System (CERS).
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
SRA - Production
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-48824 (URN)978-91-7501-162-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-12-05, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Note
QC 20111123Available from: 2011-11-23 Created: 2011-11-23 Last updated: 2012-06-19Bibliographically approved
2. Improving Machining System Performance through designed-in Damping: Modelling, Analysis and Design Solutions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improving Machining System Performance through designed-in Damping: Modelling, Analysis and Design Solutions
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

With advances in material technology, allowing, for instance, engines to withstand higher combustion pressure and consequently improving performance, comes challenges to productivity. These materials are, in fact, more difficult to machine with regards to tool wear and especially machine tool stability. Machining vibrations have historically been one of the major limitations to productivity and product quality and the cost of machining vibration for cylinder head manufacturing has been estimated at 0.35 euro per part.

The literature review shows that most of the research on cutting stability has been concentrating on the use of the stability limits diagram (SLD), addressing the limitations of this approach. On the other hand, research dedicated to development of machine tool components designed for chatter avoidance has been concentrating solely on one component at the time.

This thesis proposes therefore to extend the stability limits of the machining system by enhancing the structure’s damping capability via a unified concept based on the distribution of damping within the machining system exploiting the joints composing the machine tool structure. The design solution proposed is based on the enhancement of damping of joint through the exploitation of viscoelastic polymers’ damping properties consciously designed as High Damping Interfaces (HDI).

The tool-turret joint and the turret-lathe joint have been analysed. The computational models for dimensioning the HDI’s within these joints are presented in the thesis and validated by the experiments. The models offer the possibility of consciously design damping in the machining system structure and balance it with regards to the needed stiffness.

These models and the experimental results demonstrate that the approach of enhancing joint damping is viable and effective. The unified concept of the full chain of redesigned components enables the generation of the lowest surface roughness over the whole range of tested cutting parameters. The improved machining system is not affected by instability at any of the tested cutting parameters and offers an outstanding surface quality.

The major scientific contribution of this thesis is therefore represented by the proposed unified concept for designing damping in a machining system alongside the models for computation and optimisation of the HDIs.

From the industrial application point of view, the presented approach allows the end user to select the most suitable parameters in terms of productivity as the enhanced machine tool system becomes less sensitive to stability issues provoked by difficult-to-machine materials or fluctuations of the work material properties that may occur in ordinary production processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. 79 p.
Series
Trita-IIP, ISSN 1650-1888 ; 12:05
Keyword
Machining performance, Cutting stability, Passive damping, High Damping Interface, Boring bar, Turret
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
SRA - Production
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-93143 (URN)978-91-7501-328-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-05-04, M311, Brinellvägen 68, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
DampComatProduction 4 microFFI Robust Machining
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Note

QC 20120413

Available from: 2012-04-13 Created: 2012-04-12 Last updated: 2013-04-19Bibliographically approved

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Archenti, AndreasDaghini, Lorenzo

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