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Diffusion and clearance of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles infused into the rat striatum studied by MRI and histochemical techniques
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
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2011 (English)In: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 22, no 1, 015103- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present study was to investigate, by MRI and histochemical techniques, the diffusion and clearance abilities of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) coated with dextran (Dextran-SPION) and gold (Au-SPION) following their local infusions into the rat brain. In separate groups of anesthetized rats, the Dextran-SPION and Au-SPION were infused at concentrations of 0.01, 0.1, 1 and 5 mu g Fe/0.5 mu l and at the flow rate of 0.5 mu l min(-1) into the left and right striata, respectively. Repetitive T2-weighted spin-echo MRI scans were performed at time intervals of 1, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 h, and one, two and eight weeks after inoculation. Following infusion of Dextran-SPION (0.1 mu g and 1 mu g Fe), the maximal distribution volume was observed at about 12-24 h after inoculation and two weeks later the Fe signals were undetectable for the lower dose. On the other hand, Au-SPION remained tightly localized in the closest vicinity of the infusion site as revealed by unchanged MRI signal intensities and strong histochemical staining of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions in the corresponding brain slices. Immunohistochemical staining of astrocytic and microglial reactions revealed that there were no marked differences in GFAP, VIM or OX-42 labeling observed between the nanoparticle types, however the astrocytic reaction was more pronounced in rats receiving nanoparticles compared to the control (aCSF-infused) rats. In conclusion, the present data demonstrate that the viral-sized Dextran-SPION were able to diffuse freely through the interstitial space of the brain being progressively cleared out from the infusion site within two weeks. Thus, Dextran-SPION could be beneficially used in MRI-guided diagnostic applications such as in experimental oncology or as labels and carriers for targeted drug delivery, whereas Au-SPION could be used for labeling and tracking the transplanted stem cells in experimental MRI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 22, no 1, 015103- p.
Keyword [en]
convection-enhanced delivery, blood-brain-barrier, central-nervous-system, interstitial infusion, focused ultrasound, contrast agents, particles, tissue, time, chemotherapy
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27970DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/22/1/015103ISI: 000285004800004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79251551060OAI: diva2:382887
QC 20110103Available from: 2011-01-03 Created: 2011-01-03 Last updated: 2011-01-03Bibliographically approved

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Kim, Do-Kyung
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